Background Pathophysiology Of Ischemia

Cerebral ischemia results in brain injury at the molecular, cellular, and physiologic levels. The mechanisms are many, including energy failure, release of neurotoxins (e.g., excitatory amino acids), and transmembrane electrolyte abnormalities. Secondary injury can occur with reoxy-genation and reperfusion. The mechanism of secondary injury appears to involve oxygen radicals and inflammation pathways. A more complete description of proposed mechanisms of brain injury during ischemia and reperfusion can be found in Chapters 17 and 25.

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