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  1. 52.17. Two men 1 day after surgery showing the average amount of discoloration and swelling. Note that both of them have drains that pass subcutane-ously across the midline to the other side of the cheek. In the submental area the drain passes beneath the platysma muscle, if subplatysmal fat has been removed or digastric muscles decreased in size
  2. 52.17. Two men 1 day after surgery showing the average amount of discoloration and swelling. Note that both of them have drains that pass subcutane-ously across the midline to the other side of the cheek. In the submental area the drain passes beneath the platysma muscle, if subplatysmal fat has been removed or digastric muscles decreased in size
  3. 10 Summary

In the past few decades men have increasingly sought facial rejuvenation because the results that surgery can now deliver are worth having. In the past it was questionable whether or not contour improvement at the expense of having unsightly scars would be really worthwhile for most men. The basic deep layer support technique presented can be used for most patients. With accurate diagnosis, appropriately conceived and executed surgical procedures, and meticulous postoperative care, complications are rare and patient satisfaction is very high. The basic deep layer support technique has been used by many surgeons for several decades and the almost problem free technique can be modified for each patient as indicated according to the specific anatomical problem.

References

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  2. Connell BF, Miller SR, Gonzalez-Miramontes H: Skin and SMAS flaps for facial rejuvenation. In Guyuron B, ed. Plastic Surgery: Indications, Operations, and Outcomes, Volume Five, Aesthetic Surgery. St. Louis: Mosby; 2000:2583-2607.
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  11. Connell BF, Hosn W: Importance of the digastric muscle in cervical contouring: an update. Aesthetic Plas Surg 2000;20:12-16.
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