Artificial kidney machine

Kolff (1944) invented the artificial kidney, hemodialyzer, that has for many years supported the lives of thousands of kidney failure patients and also saved many lives from fatal accidental or suicidal poisoning. Unfortunately, only a small fraction of the world's patients can benefit from this treatment due to the high costs of the machine and treatment. In accidental or suicidal poisoning, in addition to the costs of the machine there are additional factors preventing its more common uses. For example, in many centers, especially the smaller ones, a hemodialyzer is not readily available. Furthermore, there are problems related to the length of treatment required, the possible fluctuation in extracorporeal blood volume and the specialized personnel required.

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