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Bacterial Vaginosis Freedom

Created by Elena Peterson, a well known medical researcher who suffered from bacterial vaginosis for a long time, Bacterial Vaginosis Freedom can be best described as a comprehensive guide about bacterial vaginosis which includes a complete step-by-step natural cure system to eliminate bacterial vaginosis naturally and safely. Elena Peterson talks about very common mistakes many women do when it comes to treating their problem and after reading this chapter you will understand the connection between bacterial vaginosis and prescription antibiotics and how you can avoid one of the biggest causes for this specific condition. Bacterial Vaginosis Freedom is for you if you are looking for a solution that will not only help you with eliminating your BV now, but will also help you to avoid it in the future. More here...

Bacterial Vaginosis Freedom Overview

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Author: Elena Peterson
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Bacterial Vaginosis No More Ebook

The BV No More System is by far the most comprehensive and effective Bacterial Vaginosis system you will find Anywhere. It is the Only holistic step-by-step road map to Bacterial Vaginosis freedom in existence. It is a 170-page downloadable e-book with all the secret Bacterial Vaginosis cure methods and unique powerful techniques, and the step-by-step holistic Bacterial Vaginosis system Jennifer discovered in over 9 years of Bacterial Vaginosis research. This program contains all the information you'll ever need to eliminate your Bacterial Vaginosis permanently without topical creams, steroids, antibiotics and without any side effects. The Only Holistic Bacterial Vaginosis System In Existence That Will Teach You How To Permanently Stop Your Bacterial Vaginosis, Restore Your Natural Skin Color and Achieve The Lasting Bacterial Vaginosis Freedom You Deserve! More here...

Bacterial Vaginosis No More Ebook Overview

Contents: Ebook
Author: Jennifer O'Brien
Official Website: www.bvnomore.com
Price: $39.00

The BV Miracle

What You Get From The BV Miracle: You will discover a safe, natural way to finally put an end to that terrible fishy odor and vaginal discharge and finally enjoy your sex life without being self-conscious or worried. You can wave goodbye to those expensive, time-consuming, repeated trips to the doctor. I will take the time to educate you all about western medicinal treatments for BV, the pros and cons, and other things doctors don't usually have time to discuss with you (p. 26) Learn all about antibiotics, vaginal suppositories, and why you don't need to use them (p. 40) Learn a simple secret to easily get rid of the itching and burning (p. 60) Learn who is most susceptible to contracting a BV infection and why (p.12) Discover how to boost your body's internal defenses and naturally overcome the causes of recurring infections (p. 50) What causes a BV infection and what causes those pesky re-infections (p.13) How BV is diagnosed and why it is important to do so (p. 21) You discover the truth behind antibiotics and what they really do to the human body (p. 29) You'll learn about the connection between BV and pregnancy, prevention and self-care options (p. 34) You'll learn what types of lotions and soaps to avoid on your body. Some of the popular products are the worst for causing BV. (p. 61) Did you know that some sexual practices can lead to BV infections within hours? Learn how to have a healthy sex life without the risk of another BV infection! (p. 61) More here...

The BV Miracle Overview

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Home Remedies for Bacterial Vaginosis

Home Remedies for Bacterial Vaginosis contains all the information you need, to get you started on your road to curing your bacterial vaginosis permanently, so you never have to worry about this terrible condition ever again. You can finally be free of all the stress that comes with smelling bad and shying away from intimacy and contact with other people. You no longer have to worry about constantly cleaning yourself down below. There is no magic pill for getting rid of bacterial vaginosis. Sure, some home remedies for bacterial vaginosis can seem a bit like a magic pill, but the only way to keep that bacterial vaginosis away forever is to make small dietary and other lifestyle changes that over time become a part of you and how you live your life. More here...

Home Remedies for Bacterial Vaginosis Overview

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Specific Infections Vulvovaginitis

Bacterial vaginosis is the most prevalent infectious cause of vaginitis (6,10). It is a synergistic infection caused by a complex alteration in the microbial flora, with 100- to 1000fold increase in the number of G. vaginalis organisms as well as anaerobic bacteria, a decrease in lactobacilli, and an increase in organic acids produced by the abnormal flora (11). Mycoplasma hominis is also associated with nonspecific vaginitis (11). Several investigations have shown an association between bacterial vaginosis and the development of acute PID. The microorganisms associated with bacterial vaginosis include anaerobes such as P. bivia, Prevotella spp., and Peptostreptococcus spp. (10), butyrate-producing Peptostreptococcus spp., a comma-shaped bacterium (12), and Mobiluncus curtisii, a curved motile anaerobic rod (12). The exact role of each of these organisms is unclear and requires more study. Other yet unknown triggers for bacterial overgrowth may exist. Bacterial vaginitis is...

Urethritis Cervicitis and Vaginitis

Clue Cells

Organisms that cause purulent vaginal discharge (vaginitis) include T. vaginalis, gonococci, and, rarely, beta-hemolytic streptococci. The same organisms that cause purulent infections in the urethra may also infect the epithelial cells in the cervical opening (os), as can HSV. Mucus is removed by gendy rubbing the area with a cotton ball. The urethral swab just described is Figure 58-6 Clue cells ill vaginal discharge suggestive of bacterial vaginosis. Figure 58-6 Clue cells ill vaginal discharge suggestive of bacterial vaginosis. Probably the best way to differentiate BV from other vaginal infections is by Gram stain (Figure 58-7). Nugent and colleagues has developed a grading system for Gram stains of vaginal discharge (Procedure 58-1).8 This system is based on the presence or absence of certain bacterial morphologies. Typically, in patients with BV, lactobacilli are either absent or few in number, whereas curved, gram-variable rods (Mobiluncus spp.) and or G....

Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the commonest cause of abnormal discharge in women of childbearing age. The incidence of BV varies from 5 per cent in a group of asymptomatic college students to 50 per cent of Ugandan women (BASHH, 2001). It occurs when there is a decreased number of lactobacilli and an overgrowth of organisms such as Gardnerella vaginalis, ureaplasmas, mycoplasmas, Mobiluncus species and anaerobes (Wisdom and Hawkins, 1997). Bacterial vaginosis has been diagnosed more frequently in women who have sex with women (31.4 per cent) (Bailey et al., 2004). It is also associated with a new sexual partner and frequent change of sexual partners (Mitchell, 2004). The isolation of Gardnerella vaginalis itself cannot be relied upon to diagnose bacterial vaginosis, as it can be cultured vaginally in more than 50 per cent of women. However, in research studies a high concentration of Gardnerella vaginalis is associated with the presence of bacterial vaginosis (McDonald et al., 1997)....

Humans Live with Many Pathogens

Many microbes and viruses are found in and on our bodies (see Box 1-1). Some are beneficial others are harmful. Some pathogens only occasionally cause infectious symptoms. For example, Mycobacterium tuberculosis enters a dormant state in most persons it infects, with a minority of infected persons exhibiting symptoms. However, immune deficiency enables M. tuberculosis to exit dormancy and cause disease. Other serious diseases arise from microbes, such as the yeast Candida albicans, that ordinarily live harmlessly in or on humans. This organism causes vaginitis with healthy women and more serious disease with immune-compromised patients.

Direct Detection Methods

Gardnerella are small, pleomorphic gram-variable or gram-negative coccobacilli and short rods. The wet mount and Gram stain of vaginal secretions are key tests for diagnosing bacterial vaginosis caused by G. vaginalis. A wet mount prepared in saline reveals the characteristic clue cells, which are large, squamous epithelial cells with numerous attached small rods. A Gram-stained smear of the discharge shows the attached organisms to be gram-variable coccobacilli. Clue cells typically are present, and large numbers of gram-

Comments Regarding Specific Organisms

A presumptive identification of G. vaginalis is sufficient for genital isolates, based on typical appearance on Gram stain, beta-hemolysis on HBT agar, and negative tests for oxidase and catalase. Corynebacterium lipophi-loflavum, a bacteria isolated from a woman with bacterial vaginosis, is catalase-positive.5

Box 45 Immigrant Self Medication

Examples of self-medication are not limited to developing countries or immigrants. One of the most striking situations involves yeast vaginitis. Over-the-counter antifungal agents are widely available in many countries for self-treatment. Millions of women self-treat each year with these products, and if used properly, the agents are safe and effective. However, the possibility of poor compliance and consequent development of resistance looms large. The consequences may not be seen until many years later when the patient experiences immunocompromise and a life-threatening yeast infection. Persistent or recurrent infections call for consultation with a physician.

Targets For Topical Microbicides 41 Genital environment modulators

Depletion or disturbances of vaginal lactobacillus flora has been associated with establishment of opportunistic infections like bacterial vaginosis and an increased risk of acquiring HIV type 1 (HIV-1) 32 . The principal lactobacillus species isolated from the vaginal mucosa of healthy women are Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus jensenii, and Lactobacillus gasseri 33,34 . These three species are efficient colonizers of the vaginal mucosa and likely exist in a natural biofilm composed of bacteria and extracellular matrix materials 35 .

Trichomonas vaginalis

Trichomonas vaginalis is a parasitic protozoan that causes human trichomoniasis and is estimated to be the most prevalent nonviral sexually transmitted disease in the world (Petrin et al., 1998). Infections in women cause vaginitis, urethritis, and cervicitis (Riley et al., 1992), and complications include premature labor, low birth-weight offspring, and postabortion or posthysterectomy infection (Shaio et al., 1997). There are approximately 180 million cases of trichomoniasis each year worldwide of which an estimated 5 million women and 1 million men in the United States are infected each year (Leber et al., 2003). The actual figures are, however, expected to be higher than these estimates because (i) the infection can be asymptomatic, particularly in men (ii) trichomoniasis is not a reportable disease in the United States and other countries and (iii) the sensitivities of different diagnostic tests varied between different laboratories, which often have little quality control on...

Genital Skin and Mucous Membrane Lesions

Figure 58-10 Affirm VP III Microbial Identification Test used to differentiate the three major causes of vaginitis bacterial vaginosis from a single sample within 1 hour. (Courtesy Becton Dickinson Microbiology Systems Affirm is a trademark of Becton Dickinson and Company.) Figure 58-10 Affirm VP III Microbial Identification Test used to differentiate the three major causes of vaginitis bacterial vaginosis from a single sample within 1 hour. (Courtesy Becton Dickinson Microbiology Systems Affirm is a trademark of Becton Dickinson and Company.)

Box 103 Vaginal Yeast Infections

In 2001, nearly 2 of yeast samples cultured from the vaginal tracts of women using over-the-counter products were drug resistant.194 Although this overall resistance prevalence seems low, the total number of women colonized with drug-resistant yeasts is high. Yeast infections are generally not life threatening, but during serious illness, these colonizing strains may become infecting strains that can cause life-threatening invasive fungal disease. If the strains are already resistant, antifungal therapy will do little good. Moreover, self-diagnosis fails to identify the initial cause of vaginitis consequently, cases caused by bacteria will be treated with an ineffective agent.

Acute Urethral Syndrome

Another UTT is acute urethral syndrome. Patients with this syndrome are primarily young, sexually active women, who experience dysuria, frequency, and urgency but yield fewer organisms than 105 colony-forming units of bacteria per milliliter (CFU mL) urine on culture.7,10,17'18 (The classic criterion of greater than 105 CFU mL of urine is highly indicative of infection in most patients with UTIs.) Almost 50 of all women who seek medical attention for complaints of symptoms of acute cystitis fall into this group. Although Chlamydia trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae urethritis, anaerobic infection, genital herpes, and vaginitis account for some cases of acute urethral syndrome, most of these women are infected with organisms identical to those that cause cystitis but in numbers less than 105 CFU mL urine. One must use a cutoff of 102 CFU mL, rather than 105 CFU mL, for this group of patients but must insist on concomitant pyuria (presence of 8 or more leukocytes per cubic millimeter on...

Std Sex Colleges Girling

Lancet 363 9414 1058-61 Amsel R, Totten PA, Spiegel CA, Chen KC, Eschenbach D, Holmes KK (1983) Nonspecific vaginitis. Diagnostic criteria and microbial and epidemiologic associations. American Journal of Medicine 74 14-22 Bailey J, Farquhar G, Owen C, Mangtani P (2004) Sexually transmitted infections in women who have sex with women. Sexually Transmitted Infections 80 244-6 BASHH (British Association for Sexual Health and HIV) (2001) National Guideline on the Management of Vulvovaginal Candidiasis. http www.bashh.org guidelines 2002 candida BASHH (British Association for Sexual Health and HIV) (2002) National Guideline for the Management of Bacterial Vaginosis. http www.bashh.org guidelines 2002 bv BASHH (British Association for Sexual Health and HIV) (2005) United Kingdom National Guideline for the Management of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (author Jonathan Ross) Berger BJ, Kolton S, Zenilman JM, Cummins MC, Feldman J, McCormack WM (1995) Bacterial vaginosis in Lesbians a sexually...

Endometritis and Pyometra

Hillier et al. (26) obtained endometrial biopsies for histologic and microbiologic study from 178 consecutive women with suspected PID, and 85 of them underwent laparoscopy to diagnose salpingitis. Histologic endometritis was confirmed in 117 (65 ) women. Among women who underwent laparoscopy, salpingitis was present in 68 of those with and 23 of those without endometritis. Some but not all bacterial vaginosis-associated microorganisms were linked with endometritis. By logistic regression analysis, after adjustment for bacterial vaginosis, endometritis was associated with endometrial N. gonorrhoeae, C. trachomatis and AGNB. Mycoplasma genitalium is also associated with cervicitis and endometritis.

Why should I take drugs that have side effects

Throat infection by the yeast Candida albicans. It commonly complicates treatment with antibiotics and steroids. Yeast vaginitis a common infection due to the yeast Candida albicans. Systemic infections Although yeast infestation of throat (thrush) and yeast vaginitis are relatively common problems with steroid treatment, they are usually generally easy to manage. Systemic infections are rare, but these can occasionally be very serious. Fungal infections are unusual except accompanying chronic steroid use.

Female circumcision

Once the speculum is in place, careful observation should be made of the vagina and cervix. A sample may be taken from the lateral vaginal walls for Candida and bacterial vaginosis using either a cotton-tipped or a loop swab. To ensure a good sample, a scraping action to the actual walls of the vagina is used (as opposed to just collecting vaginal discharge). The sample is then applied thinly to a plain slide, in preparation for Gram stain and microscopy. The same sample may also be used to culture for Candida, for example, using the Saboraud medium. A gentle sweeping action should be used to ensure that the agar remains intact. Using the same type of swab a sample is taken from the posterior fornix (at the top of the vagina, underneath the cervix) for Trichomonas vaginalis. A sweeping motion from side to side is used. Once the sample has been obtained the swab is gently agitated into a few drops of normal (0.9 ) saline on a plain slide and a cover slip is then applied.This 'wet prep'...

Candidemia

It is important to note that candidiasis is significantly higher among HIVseropositive women (Sobel et al. 2000 Ohmit et al. 2003). Despite increased vaginal and oral colonization, azole resistance among C. albicans isolates is rare, even after repeated exposures (Mathema et al. 2001 Sobel et al. 2001). However, antifungal therapy does yield predictable shifts in the prevalence of less susceptible species like C. glabrata, and HIV-seropositive women were more likely to be colonized with such strains (Fidel et al. 1999 Sobel et al. 2000 Sobel et al. 2001 Ohmit et al. 2003). As azole drugs are used to treat yeast vaginitis, the widespread availability of topical over-the-counter antifungal drugs (e.g., miconazole) has raised the specter that they may promote resistance. However, this does not appear to be the case and resistance is generally less than 2-4 (Mathema et al. 2001 Richter et al. 2005). There is no association of resistant isolates contributing to recurrent vulvovaginal...

Pyuria

Pyuria is the hallmark of inflammation, and the presence of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) can be detected and enumerated in uncentrifuged specimens. This method of screening urine correlates fairly well with the number of PMNs excreted per hour, the best indicator of the host's state. Patients with more than 400,000 PMNs excreted into the urine per hour are likely to be infected and the presence of more than 8 PMNs mm5 correlates well with this excretion rate and with infection.22 This test can be performed using a hemocytometer, but it is not easily incorporated into the work flow of most microbiology laboratories. The standard urinalysis (usually done in hematology or chemistry sections) includes an examination of the centrifuged sediment of urine for enumeration of PMNs, results of which do not correlate well with either the PMN excretion rate or the presence of infection. Pyuria also can be associated with other clinical diseases, such as vaginitis, and therefore is not...

Questions

Funke G, Hutson RA, HiUeringmann M, et al Corynebacterium lipophilojlavum sp nov isolated from a patient with bacterial vaginosis, FEMS Microbiol Lett 150 219,1997. 21. Spiegel CA Bacterial vaginosis, Clin Microbiol Rev 4 485,1991. 23. van Esbroeck M, Vandamme P, Falsen B, et al Polyphasic approach to the classification and identification of Cetrdwrella vaginalis and unidentified Gardnereila vaginalis-iike coryiielurms present in bacterial vaginosis, Int J Syst Bacterial 46 675,1996.

Affirm DNA Probe

Becton Dickinson and Company (Sparks, MD, USA) provides a DNA probe-based test, the Affirm VPIII, which uses complementary sequences of DNA that hybridize with the targeted organisms and can detect and differentiate three major agents with cause vaginitis Candida, Gardnerella, and Trichomonas. The test uses two distinct single-stranded nucleic acid probes for each organism, a capture probe and a color development probe, which are complementary to unique genetic sequences of target organsims. The capture probes are immobilized on a bead embedded in a probe analysis card, which contains a separate bead for each target organsim. The color development probes are contained in a multiwell reagent cassette. Candida species can detect 1 x 104 CFU of Candida species in log phase per assay, for G. vaginalis can detect 2 x 105 CFU of G. vaginalis in log phase per assay, and for T. vaginalis can detect 5 x 103 trichomonads per assay (Affirm VPIII package insert). Because of its high specificity...

Bacterial Vaginosis Facts

Bacterial Vaginosis Facts

This fact sheet is designed to provide you with information on Bacterial Vaginosis. Bacterial vaginosis is an abnormal vaginal condition that is characterized by vaginal discharge and results from an overgrowth of atypical bacteria in the vagina.

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