Nauta A, Van den Burg B, Karsens H, Venema G, Kok J. Design of thermolabile bacterio-phage repressor mutants by comparative molecular modeling. Nat Biotechnol 15: 980, 1997.
Okamoto T, Fujita Y, Irie R. Fusion of protoplasts of Streptococcus lactis. Agric Biol Chem 47:2675, 1983.
O'Sullivan DJ, Walker SA, West SG, Klaenhammer TR. Development of an expression strategy using a lytic phage to trigger explosive plasmid amplification and gene expression. Biotechnology (NY) 14:82, 1996.
Park KH, Kato H, Nakai T, Muroga K. Phage typing of Lactococcus garvieae (formerly Enterococcus seriolicida) a pathogen of cultured yellowtail. Fisheries Sci 64:62, 1998.
Polzin KM, McKay LL. Identification, DNA sequence, and distribution of IS981, a new, high-copy-number insertion sequence in lactococci. Appl Environ Microbiol 57: 734, 1991.
Polzin KM, McKay LL. Development of a lactococcal integration vector by using IS981 and a temperature-sensitive lactococcal replication region. Appl Environ Microbiol 58:476, 1992.
Polzin KM, Shimizu-Kadota M. Identification of a new insertion element similar to gramnegative IS26, on the lactose plasmid of Streptococcus lactis ML3. J Bacteriol 169: 5481, 1987.
Polzin KM, Romero D, Shimizu-Kadota M, Klaenhammer TR, McKay LL. Copy number and location of insertion sequences ISS1 and IS981 in lactococci and several other lactic acid bacteria. J Dairy Sci 76:1243, 1993.
Posno M, Leer RJ, Van Luijk N, Van Giezen MJF, Heuvelmans PTHM, Lokman BC, Pouwels PH. Incompatibility of Lactobacillus vectors with replicons derived from small cryptic Lactobacillus plasmids and segregational instability of the introduced vectors. Appl Environ Microbiol 57:1822, 1991.
Powell IB, Achen MG, Hillier A, Davidson BE. A simple and rapid method for genetic transformation of lactic streptococci by electroporation. Appl Environ Microbiol 54:655, 1988.
Prevots F, Mata M, Ritzenthaler P. Taxonomic differentiation of 101 lactococcal bacterio-phages and characterization of bacteriophages with unusually large genomes. Appl Environ Microbiol. 56:2180, 1990.
Pridmore D, Stefanova T, Mollet B. Cryptic plasmids from Lactobacillus helveticus and their evolutionary relationship. FEMS Microbiol Lett 124:301, 1994.
Rauch PJG, Beerthuyzen MM, De Vos WM. Distribution and evolution of nisin-sucrose elements in Lactococcus lactis. Appl Environ Microbiol 60:1798, 1994.
Ravn P, Arnau J, Madsen SM, Vrang A, Israelsen H. The development of TnNuc and its use for the isolation of novel secretion signals in Lactococcus lactis. Gene 242: 347, 2000.
Ray B. Pediococcus in fermented foods. In: Hui YH, Khachatourians GG, eds. Food Biotechnology: Microorganisms. New York: VCH, 1995, p. 745.
Raya RR, Kleeman EG, Luchansky JB, Klaenhammer TR. Characterization of the temperate bacteriophage 0adh and plasmid transduction in Lactobacillus acidophilus ADH. Appl Environ Microbiol 55:2206, 1989.
Reniero R, Cocconcelli P, Bottazzi V. High frequency of conjugation in Lactobacillus mediated by an aggregation-promoting factor. J Gen Microbiol 138:763, 1992.
Romero DA, Klaenhammer TR. Characterization of insertion sequence IS946, an Iso-ISS1 element, isolated from the conjugative lactococcal plasmid pTRK2030. J Bacteriol 172:4151, 1990.
Romero DA, Klaenhammer TR. Construction of an IS946-based composite transposon in Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis. J Bacteriol 173:7599, 1991.
Romero DA, Slos P, Castellina RL, Castellina I, Mercenier A. Conjugative mobilization as an alternate vector delivery system for lactic streptococci. Appl Environ Microbiol 53:2405, 1987.
Roussel Y, Pebay M, Guedon G, Simonet JM, Decaris B. Physical and genetic map of Streptococcus thermophilus A054. J Bacteriol 176:7413, 1994.
Roussel Y, Bourgoin F, Guedon G, Pebay M, Decaris B. Analysis of the genetic polymorphism between three Streptococcus thermophilus strains by comparing their physical and genetic organization. Microbiol 143:1335, 1997.
Salminen S, von Wright A, eds. Lactic Acid Bacteria: Microbiology and Functional Aspects. 2nd ed. New York: Marcel Dekker, 1998.
Salyers AA, Shoemaker NB. Conjugative transposons. Genet Eng (NY) 19:89, 1997.
Salyers AA, Shoemaker NB, Stevens AM, Li LY. Conjugative transposons: an unusual and diverse set of integrated gene transfer elements. Microbiol Rev 59:579, 1995.
Sanders ME, Leonhard PJ, Sing WD, Klaenhammer TR. Conjugal strategy for construction of fast acid-producing, bacteriophage resistant lactic streptococci for use in dairy fermentations. Appl Environ Microbiol 52:1001, 1986.
Sandine WE, Elliker PR, Allen LK, Brown WC. II. Genetic exchange and variability in lactic Streptococcus starter organisms. J Dairy Sci 45:1266, 1962.
Savijoki K, Kahala M, Palva A. High level heterologous protein production in Lactococcus and Lactobacillus using a new secretion system based on the Lactobacillus brevis S-layer signals. Gene 186:255, 1997.
Schaeffer P, Cami B, and Hotchkiss RD. Fusion of bacterial protoplasts. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 73:2151, 1976.
Schmitt C, Guedon G, Bourgoin F, Decaris B. Streptococcus thermophilus insertion sequence IS1193 transposase gene. GenBank accession number Y13713, 1998.
Schved F, Lalazar A, Henis Y, Juven BJ. Purification, partial characterization and plasmid-linkage of pediocin SJ-1, a bacteriocin produced by Pediococcus acidilactici. J Appl Bacteriol 74:67, 1993.
Sechaud L, Cluzel J-P, Rousseau M, Baumgartner A, Accolas J-P. Bacteriophages of lacto-bacilli. Biochimie 70:401, 1988.
Seegers JF, Bron S, Franke CM, Venema G, Kiewiet R. The majority of lactococcal plasmids carry a highly related replicon. Microbiology 140:1291, 1994.
Shearman C, Godon JJ, Gasson M. Splicing of a group II intron in a functional transfer gene of Lactococcus lactis. Mol Microbiol 21:45, 1996.
Shimizu-Kadota M, Sakurai T. Prophage curing in Lactobacillus casei by isolation of a thermoinducible mutant. Appl Environ Microbiol 43:1284, 1982.
Shimizu-Kadota M, Sakurai T, Tsuchida N. Prophage origin of a virulent phage appearing on fermentations of Lactobacillus casei S-1. Appl Environ Microbiol 45:669, 1983.
Shimizu-Kadota M, Kiwaki M, Hirokawa H, Tsuchida N. ISL1: a new transposable element in Lactobacillus casei. Mol Gen Genet 200:193, 1985.
Shimizu-Kadota M, Flickinger JL, Chassy BM. Evidence that Lactobacillus casei insertion element ISL1 has a narrow host range. J Bacteriol 170:4976, 1988.
Sing WD, Klaenhammer TR. A strategy for rotation of different bacteriophage defenses in a lactococcal single-strain starter culture system. Appl Environ Microbiol 59: 365, 1993.
Skaugen M, Nes IF. Transposition in Lactobacillus sake and its abolition of lactocin S
production by insertion of IS1163, a new member of the IS3 family. Appl Environ Microbiol 60:2818, 1994.
Smith MD. Transformation and fusion of Streptococcus faecalis protoplasts. J Bacteriol 162:92, 1985.
Smith MD, Clewell DB. Return of Streptococcus faecalis DNA cloned in Escherichia coli to its original host via transformation of Streptococcus sangrus followed by conjugative mobilization. J Bacteriol 160:1109, 1984.
Snyder L, Champness W. Molecular Genetics of Bacteria. Washington, DC: ASM Press,
Was this article helpful?