Q

cr e

Citrate transport/hydrolysis

Exopolysaccharide biosynthesis Proteolysis

ATP-dependent proteinase Endopeptidase Extracellular proteinase Oligopeptide uptake Resistance plasmids Clinical antibiotics Chloramphenicol

Erythromycin Kanamycin Streptomycin Tetracycline Inorganic ions Arsenate Chromate Cadmium Copper

Nisin resistance Ultraviolet light Small heat-shock protein

  1. plantarum, Lc. lactis, Ln. lactis, Ln. mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides, W. par-amesenteroides (Martin et al., 1999; McKay, 1983a, Vaughan et al., 1994; Wang and Lee, 1997a)
  2. casei, Lc. lactis (Arihara and Luchansky, 1995a; Van Kranenburg et al., 1997)
  3. lactis (Huang et al., 1993) Lc. lactis (Nardi et al., 1997)
  4. helveticus, Lc. lactis (McKay, 1983a; Wang and Lee, 1997a) Lc. lactis (Yu et al., 1996)
  5. acidophilus, Lb. plantarum, Lb. reuteri, Lc. lactis (Teuber et al., 1999a Lee, 1997a)
  6. fermentum, Lb. reuteri (Teuber et al., 1999a) Lactobacillus sp. (Wang and Lee, 1997a)

Lactobacillus sp., Lc. lactis (Teuber et al., 1999a; Wang and Lee, 1997a) Lb. fermentum, Lc. lactis (Teuber et al., 1999a; Wang and Lee, 1997a)

  1. helveticus, Lc. lactis (McKay, 1983a; Wang and Lee, 1997a)
  2. lactis (McKay, 1983a)
  3. lactis (Liu et al., 1996)
  4. lactis (Khunajakr et al., 1999)
  5. lactis (Froseth et al., 1988)
  6. lactis (Chopin et al., 1986)
  7. thermophilus (Somkuti et al., 1998)

Wang and

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