Anderson JW, Gilliland SE. Effect of fermented milk (yogurt) containing Lactobacillus acidophilus L1 on serum cholesterol in hypercholesterolemic humans. J Am Coll Nutr 18:43, 1999.
Brashears MM, Gilliland SE, Buck LM. Bile salt deconjugation and cholesterol removal from media by Lactobacillus casei. J Dairy Sci 81:2103, 1998.
Buck LM, Gilliland SE. Comparisons of freshly isolated strains of Lactobacillus acidophilus of human intestinal origin for ability to assimilate cholesterol during growth. J Dairy Sci 77:2925, 1994.
Chickai T, Nakao H, Uchida K. Deconjugation of bile acids by human intestinal bacteria implanted in germ-free rats. Lipids 22:669, 1987.
Coconnier MH, Lievin V, Hemery E, Servin AL. Antagonistic activity against Helicobacter infection in vitro and in vivo by the human Lactobacillus acidophilus strain LB. Appl Environ Microbiol 64:4573, 1998.
Corzo G, Gilliland SE. Bile salt hydrolase activity of three strains of Lactobacillus acidophilus. J Dairy Sci 82:472, 1999.
Dambekodi PC, Gilliland SE. Incorporation of cholesterol into the cellular membrane of Bifidobacterium longum. J Dairy Sci 81:1818, 1998.
Danielson AD, Peo ER Jr, Shahani KM, Lewis AJ, Whalen PJ, Amer AM. Anti-cholestere-mic property of Lactobacillus acidophilus yogurt fed to mature boars. J Anim Sci 67:966, 1989.
Duffy LC, Zielezny MA, Talty MR, Dryja D, Altaie SS, Griffiths E, Ruffin D, Barrett H, Ogra PL. Reduction of virus shedding by B. bifidum in experimentally induced MRV infection. Dig Dis Sci 39:2334, 1994.
duToit M, Franz CMAP, Dicks LMT, Schillinger U, Haberer P, Warlies B, Ahrens F, Holzapfel WH. Characterization and selection of probiotic lactobacilli for aprelimi-nary minipig feeding trial and their effect on serum cholesterol levels, faeces pH and faeces moisure content. Int J Food Microbiol 40:93, 1998.
Eyssen H. Role of the gut microflora in metabolism of lipids and sterols. Proc Nutr Soc 32:59, 1973.
Farnworth ER. Fructans in human and animal diets. In: Suzuki M, Chatterton NJ, eds. Science and Technology of Fructans. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 1993, p 257.
Flock MH, Moussa K. Probiotics and dietary fiber. J Clin Gasteroenterol 27:99, 1998.
Fooks LJ, Fuller R, Gibson GR. Prebiotics, probiotics and human gut microbiology. Int Dairy J 9:53, 1999.
Fuller R. Ecological studies of the Lactobacillus flora associated with the crop epithelium of the fowl. J Appl Bacteriol 36:131-139, 1973.
Gilliland, SE. Enumeration and identification of lactobacilli in feed supplements marketed as sources of Lactobacillus acidophilus. Okla Agr Exp Sta Res Rep MP-112:263, 1981.
Gilliland SE. Acidophilus milk products: a review of potential benefits to consumers. J Dairy Sci 72:2483, 1989.
Gilliland SE. Health and nutritional benefits from lactic acid bacteria. FEMS Microbiol Rev 87:175, 1990.
Gilliland SE, Kim HS. Effects of viable starter culture bacteria in yogurt on lactose utilization in humans. J Dairy Sci 67:1, 1984.
Gilliland SE, Nelson CR, Maxwell C. Assimilation of cholesterol by Lactobacillus acido-philus. Appl Environ Microbiol 59:377, 1985.
Gilliland SE, Walker DK. Factors to consider when selecting a culture of Lactobacillus acidophilus as a dietary adjunct to produce a hypocholesterolemic effect in humans. J Dairy Sci 73:905, 1990.
Goldin BR, Gorbach SL. Alterations of the intestinal microflora by diet, oral antibiotics, and Lactobacillus: decreased production of free amines from aromatic nitro compounds, azo dyes, and glucuronides. J Nat Cancer Inst 73:689, 1984.
Gopal A, Shah NP, Roginski H. Bile tolerance, taurocholate deconjugation and cholesterol removal by Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium spp. Milchwissenschaft 51:619, 1996.
Gordon D, Macrae J, Wheater DM. A lactobacillus preparation for use with antibiotics. Lancet 272:889, 1957.
Grunewald KK. Serum cholesterol levels in rats fed skim milk fermented with Lactobacillus acidophilus. J Food Sci 47:2078, 1982.
Hargrove RE, Alford JA. Growth response of weanling rats to heated, aged, fractionated, and chemically treated yogurts. J Dairy Sci 63:1065, 1980.
Harrison VC, Peat G. Serum cholesterol and bowel flora in the newborn. Am J Clin Nutr 28:1351, 1975.
Jin LZ, Ho YW, Abdullah N, Jalaludin S. Growth performance, intestinal microbial populations, and serum cholesterol of broilers fed diets containing Lactobacillus cultures. Poultry Sci 77:1259, 1998.
Jonsron E, Conway P. Probiotics for pigs. In: Fuller R, ed. Probiotics The Scientific Basis. London: Chapman & Hall, 1992, p 259.
Kim HS, Gilliland SE. Lactobacillus acidophilus as a dietary adjunct for milk to aid lactose digestion in humans. J Dairy Sci 66:959, 1983.
Kolars JC, Levitt MD, Aouji M, Saviano DA. Yogurt—an autodigesting source of lactose. N Engl J Med 310:1, 1984.
Lee YK, Salminen S. The coming of age of probiotics. Trends Food Sci Technol 6:241245, 1995.
Lessard M, Brisson GJ. Effects of Lactobacillus fermentation product on growth, immune response and fecal enzyme activity in weaned pigs. Can J Anim Sci 67:509, 1987.
Lin JHC, Savage DC. Host specificity of the colonization of murine gastric epithelium by lactobacillus. FEMS Microbiol Lett 24:67-71, 1984.
Morishita YT, Mitsuoka T, Kaneuchi CC, Yamamoto S, Ogota M. Specific establishment of lactobacilli in the digestive tract of germ-free chicks. Jpn J Microbiol 15:531538, 1971.
Mann GV, Spoerry A. Studies of a surfactant and cholesteremia in the Maasai. Am J Clin Nutr 27:464, 1974.
Metchnikoff E. The Prolongation of Life Optimistic Studies. New York: Putnam's, 1908.
Noh DO, Gilliland SE. Influence of bile on cellular integrity and ß-galactosidase of Lactobacillus acidophilus. J Dairy Sci 76:1253, 1993.
Noh DO, Gilliland SE. Influence of bile on ß-galactosidase activity of component species of yogurt starter cultures. J Dairy Sci 77:3532, 1994.
Noh DO, Kim SH, Gilliland SE. Incorporation of cholesterol into the cellular membrane of Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC 43121. J Dairy Sci 80:3107, 1997.
Nurmi E, Nuotio L, Schneitz C. The competitive exclusion concept: development and future. Int J Food Microbiol. 15:237, 1992.
Oda M, Hasegawa H, Komatsu S, Kambe M, Tsuchiya F. Antitumor polysaccharide from Lactobacillus species. Agric Biol Chem 47:1623, 1983.
Oliver G, Gonzalez S, Moreno R. Fermented milk for biotherapy. Interciencia 24:177, 1999.
Pascual M, Hugas M, Badiola JI, Monfort JM, Garriga M. Lactobacillus salivarius CTC 2197 prevents Salmonella enteritidis colonization in chickens. Appl Environ Microbiol. 65:4981, 1999.
Payne DL, Welch JD, Manion CV, Tsegaye A, Herd LD. Effectiveness of milk products in dietary management of lactose malabsorption. Am J Clin Nutr 34:2711, 1981.
Pedone CA, Bernabeu AO, Postaire ER, Bouley CF, Reinert P. The effect of supplementation with milk fermented by Lactobacillus casei (strain DN-114 001) on acute diarrhea in children attending day care centers. Int J Clin Pract 53:179, 1999.
Perdigon G, Alvarez S, Demacias MEN, Roux ME, Holgado APR. The oral administration of lactic acid bacteria increases the mucosal intestinal immunity in response to en-teropathogens. J Food Prot 53:404, 1990a.
Perdigon G, Demacias MEN, Alvarez S, Oliver G, Holgado AAPR. Prevention of gastrointestinal infection using immunobiological methods with milk fermented with Lac-tobacillus casei and Lactobacillus acidophilus. J Dairy Res 57:255, 1990b.
Reddy GV, Friend BA, Shahani KM, Farmer RE. Antitumor activity of yogurt components. J Food Prot 46:8, 1983.
Roberfroid MB, VanLoo JAE, Gibson GR. The bifidogenic nature of chicory inulin and its hydrolysis products. J Nutr Sci 128:11, 1998.
Romond MB, Haddou Z, Mielcareck C, Ramond C. Bifidobacteria and human health: regulatory effect of indigenous bifidobacteria on Escherichia coli intestinal colonization. Anaerobe 3:131, 1997.
Sato K, Saito H, Tomioka H, Yokokura T. Enhancement of host resistance against Listeria infection by Lactobacillus casei: efficacy of cell wall preparation of Lactobacillus casei. Microbiol Immunol 32:1189, 1988.
Sako T, Matsumoto K, Tanaka R. Recent progress on research and applications of non-digestible galacto-oligosaccharides. Int Dairy J 9:69, 1999.
Saviano DO, El Ansuar AA, Smith DE, Levitt MD. Lactose malabsorption from yogurt, pasteurized yogurt, sweet acidophilus milk and cultured milk in lactose-deficient individuals. Am J Clin Nutr 40:1219, 1984.
Shahani KM, Friend BA, Bailey PJ. Antitumor activity of fermented colostrum and milk. J Food Prot 46:385, 1983.
Silva M, Jacobus NV, Deneke C, Gorbach SL. Antimicrobial substance from a human Lactobacillus strain. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 31:1231, 1987.
Simenhoff ML, Dunn SR, Zollner GP, Fitzpatrick MED, Emery SM, Sandine WE, Ayres JW. Biomodulation of the toxic and nutritional effects of small bowel bacterial overgrowth in end-stage kidney disease using freeze-dried Lactobacillus acido-philus. Miner Electrolyte Metab 22:92, 1996.
Sissons JW. Potential of probiotic organisms to prevent diarrhoea and promote digestion in farm animals—a review. J Sci Food Agric 49:1-13, 1989.
Tagg JR, Dajani AS, Wannamaker LW. Bacteriocins of gram-positive bacteria. Bacteriol Rev 40:722, 1976.
Talarico TL, Dobrogosz WJ. Chemical characterization of an antimicrobial substance produced by Lactobacillus reuteri. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 33:674, 1989.
Wallace RJ, Newbold CJ. Probiotics for ruminants. In: Fuller R, ed. Probiotics The Scientific Basis. London: Chapman & Hall, 1993, p 317.
Watkins BA, Miller BF. Competitive gut exclusion of avian pathogens by Lactobacillus acidophilus in gnotobiotic chicks. Poultry Sci 62:1772, 1983.
Watkins BA, Miller BF, Neil DH. In vivo inhibitory effects of Lactobacillus acidophilus against pathogenic Escherichia coli in gnotobiotic chicks. Poultry Sci 61:1298, 1982.
Winkelstein A. Lactobacillus acidophilus tablets in the therapy of various intestinal disorders: a preliminary report. Am Pract Digest Treatment 1:1637, 1955.
Was this article helpful?
Studies show obesity may soon overtake tobacco as the leading cause of death in world. Who Else Could Use 101 'Everyday' Ways to Lose 10 Pounds or more and Keep it Off! You've been putting it off too long. Hey, everyone needs to lose weight from time to time. You're no different!