Stealth warfare The interactions of EPEC and EHEC with host cells

Emma Allen-Vercoe and Rebekah DeVinney Although the Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli is normally considered to be a harmless commensal of the gastrointestinal flora, there are some exceptions to this rule. In the past few decades it has become increasingly evident that there are serotypes of E. coli that may cause disease in susceptible hosts. Disease states range from the invasive infections of the urinary tract caused by uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC) to the more typical diarrheal...