Endometrial cancer

  1. Hardesty LA, Sumkin JH, Hakim C et al. The ability of helical CT to preoperatively stage endometrial carcinoma. Am J Radiol 2001 Mar; 176(3): 603-6.
  2. Kinkel K, Kahi Y, Yu KK et al. Radiologic staging in patients with endometrial cancer: a meta-analysis. Radiology 1999 Sep; 212(3): 711-8.
  3. Cunha TM, Felix A, Cabral J. Preoperative assessment of deep myometrial and cervical invasion in endometrial carcinoma: comparison of magnetic resonance imaging and gross visual inspection, hit J Gynecol Cancer 2001 Mar-Apr; 11(2): 130-6.
  4. Frei KA, Kinkel K Bonel HM etal. Prediction of deep myometrial invasion in patients with endometrial cancer: clinical utility of contrast-aihanced MR imaging - a meta-analysis and Bayesian analysis. Radiology 2000 Aug; 216(2): 444-9.
  5. Hardesty LA, Sumkin JH, Nath ME et al. Use of preoperative MR imaging in the management of endometrial carcinoma: cost analysis. Radiology 2000 Apr; 215(1): 45-9.
  6. Hsieh CH, Chang-Chien CC, Lin H et al. Can a preoperative CA125 level be a criterion for full pelvic lymphadenectomy in surgical staging of endometrial cancer? Gynecol Oncol 2002 Jul; 86(1): 28-33.
  7. Ebina Y, Sakuragi N, Hareyama H et al. Para-aortic lymph node metastasis in relation to serum CA125 levels and nuclear grade in endometrial carcinoma. Acta Obstet Gynecol Stand 2002 May; 81(5): 458-65.
  8. Dotters DJ. Preoperative CA125 in endometrial cancer: is it useful? Am J Obstet Gynecol 2000 Jun; 182(6): 1328-34.
  9. Morrow CP, Bundy BN, Kurman RJ et al. Relationship between surgical-pathological risk factors and outcome in clinical stage I and II carcinoma of the endometrium: a Gynecologic Oncology Group study. Gynecol Oncol 1991 Jan; 40(1): 55-65.
  10. Straughn JM, Huh WK, Kelly FJ et al.

Conservative management of stage I endometrial carcinoma after surgical staging. Gynecol Oncol 2002 Feb; 84(2): 194-200.

  1. Lehoczky L, Bosze P, Ungar L et al. Stage I endometrial carcinoma: treatment of nonoperable patients with intracavitary radiation therapy alone. Gynecol Oncol 1991 Dec; 43(3): 211-6.
  2. Nag S, Erickson B, Parikh S etal. The American Brachytherapy Society recommendations for high-dose-rate brachytherapy for carcinoma of the endometrium, hit J Radiat Oncol Biol Pbys 2000; 48(3): 779-90.
  3. Keys HM, Roberts JA, Brunetto VL et al. A phase III trial of surgery with or without adjunctive external pelvic radiation therapy in intermediate risk endometrial adenocarcinoma: a Gynecologic Oncology Group study. Gynecol Oncol 2004 Mar; 92(3): 744-51.
  4. Chi DS, Welshinger M, Venkatraman ES et al. The role of surgical cytoreduction in stage IV endometrial cancer. Gynecol Oncol 1997 Oct; 67(1): 56-60.
  5. Bristow RE, Zerbe MJ, Rosenshein NB etal. Stage IVB endometrial carcinoma: the role of cytoreductive surgery and determinants of survival. Gynecol Oncol 2000 Aug; 78(2): 85-91.
  6. Ayhan A, Taskiran C, Celik C et al. The influence of cytoreductive surgery on survival and morbidity in stage IVB endometrial cancer. IntJ Gynecol Cancer- 2002 Sep-Oct; 12(5): 448-53.
  7. Grigsby PW. Update on radiation therapy for endometrial cancer. Oncology 2002 Jun; 16(6): 777-86, 790.
  8. Aoki Y, Kase H, Watanabe M et al. Stage III endometrial cancer: analysis of prognostic factors and failure patterns after adjuvant chemotherapy. Gynecol Oncol 2001 Oct; 83(1): 1-5.
  9. Teng N, Abu-Rustum N, Bookman M etal. Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Uterine Cancers-v.i.200^. National Comprehensive Cancer Network; 2004.

CARCINOMA OF THE CORPUS UTERI t The FIGO staging system

FIGO Primary No evidence 0

Stage tumour cannot of primary Carcinoma in be assessed tumour situ

(pre-invasive carcinoma)

t American Joint Committee on Cancer surgical staging system AJCC T Stage

Tumour confined to the corpus uteri

Tumour limited to the endometrium

Tumour invades up to less than half of the myometrium

Tumour invades to more than one half of the myometrium

Tumour invades the cervix but does not extend beyond the uterus

Endocervical glandular involvement only

Gynecological Blog

Normal myometrium intact uterine junctional zone

Transverse ultrasound section through the uterine body showing the endometrial cavity expanded by an echogenic endometrial carcinoma. The tumour is confined to the endometrial cavity with no extension into the myometrium.

  • a) Sagittal T2-weighted MRI through the uterus showing a high-signal tumour confined to the endometrial cavity. There is no extension of the carcinoma through the surrounding low signal myometriai junctional zone
  • b) Axial T2-weighted MRI through the body of the uterus in the same patient as (a) showing the high-signal endometrial carcinoma confined to the endometrial cavity and surrounded by an intact junctional zone.

Sagittal T2-weighted MRI showing an intermediate-signal endometrial carcinoma extending through the junctional zone, but invading less than one-half of the myometrium.

Sagittal T2-weighted WIRI showing an intermediate signal endometrial carcinoma extending through the junctional zone, but invading less than one-half of the myometrium.

Tumour extending into the cervical canal without invasion of the cervical stroma

Sagittal T2-weighted MRI showing an endometrial carcinoma extending into the cervical canal, but not invading the cervical stroma. The carcinoma within the body of the uterus has breached the junctional zone posteriorly.

Endometrial Cancer Staging Figo
10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

Get My Free Ebook


Responses

  • ALGISA
    Does endometrial cancer cause a thickened junctional zone?
    9 months ago

Post a comment