Human Papillomavirus

Lat. papilla = nipple; Gr. oma = tumour. T. Traavik

73 genotypes of HPV had been identified by 1994, but the number will most certainly increase. HPV infects mucosal and cutaneous epithelia. Many of the genotypes have been detected only in benignly proliferative processes, i.e. common warts, but an increasing number have been discovered in malignant tumours. Hence, the aetiological relationship between some HPV genotypes and carcinoma of the uterine cervix, as well as some other anogenital cancers, is well established. Evidence linking HPV to some cancers of the skin and the nasal/oral cavities is forthcoming.

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