Facial Surgery

As they age, some men seek to improve the appearance of their face and neck through cosmetic surgery. Facial surgery covers a number of different procedures, including a facelift and forehead lift, eyelid surgery, nose surgery, facial implant surgery, and refinishing treatments for facial skin (such as chemical peels and dermabrasion). Sometimes two or more of these procedures are performed at the same time. Although facial surgery cannot reverse the aging process, it can give the face a...

Common Screening Tests

Sometimes a physical examination of your body is not enough to tell your doctor the full condition of your health. In such cases the doctor may order a number of common screening tests. Blood tests and urinalysis help the doctor find out if all of the components of your blood or urine are at normal levels. Scanning techniques such as X rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound scanning, and computed tomography (CT) scanning produce pictures of the inside of your body without surgery to...

Phobias

There are three major types of phobias specific phobias, social phobias, and agoraphobia. Specific phobias are those triggered by fear of a specific object, such as snakes or spiders. Claustrophobia (fear of enclosed spaces), acrophobia (fear of heights), and fear of flying or driving also fall into this category. About 8 percent of American adults experience one or more specific phobias in any given year. Typically developing in childhood, many specific phobias disappear by adulthood. Those...

Diabetic Eye Disease

People who have diabetes are at high risk for a number of eye problems that can cause severe vision loss or blindness. The most common diabetic eye disease is diabetic retinopathy, which is damage to the blood vessels in the retina, the lightsensitive membrane at the back of the eyeball. In some people with diabetic retinopathy, blood vessels in the retina may swell and leak fluid. In other people, abnormal new blood vessels grow on the surface of the retina. These changes can produce loss of...

Tinnitus

Tinnitus is the medical term for ringing or other sounds in the ears that occur when there is no external source of these sounds. It is a very common condition, affecting an estimated 35 million people in the United States each year. It is estimated that 1 to 5 percent of these people have tinnitus so severe that it affects their ability to lead a normal life. Symptoms include ringing, hissing, buzzing, or whistling in one or both ears. The symptoms may be constant or come and go, the pitch can...

Self Examinations

In addition to the tests and screenings that your doctor performs during routine checkups, there are two important self-examinations that you should do regularly to detect any early signs of cancer. The testicle self-examination can help you identify any early signs of cancer of the testicle, and the skin self-examination will aid you in spotting early signs of skin cancer. Examining your testicles once a month will help you to become familiar with their normal appearance so you can tell if...

The Testicles and the Scrotum

The The testicles are two male sex organs that produce sperm and the male sex hor- Reproductive . , 11- 11 1 1 System mone testosterone. The testicles are suspended in a pouch of skin called the scro tum. Each testicle hangs from a structure called the spermatic cord, which is made up of the vas deferens, nerves, and blood vessels. The vas deferens transports newly formed sperm to the urethra from a tube behind each testicle called the epididymis. Having the scrotum hanging from the lower torso...

Temporomandibular Disorder

Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a phrase that refers to a group of painful disorders affecting the jaw and the muscles that control chewing. The temporo-mandibular joint connects the lower jaw, called the mandible, to the temporal bone at the side of your head. The discomfort may be occasional and temporary, often occurring in cycles, and may eventually stop with no treatment. Some people will develop long-term symptoms. The disorder affects men only half as often as it does women. There...

Disorders of the Bladder and Urethra

The lower urinary tract consists of the bladder and urethra. If left untreated, disorders of the bladder or urethra can interfere with normal functioning of the urinary tract and lead to kidney damage. The urethra can become narrowed by scar tissue following catheter placement, surgery, injury, or repeated episodes of urethritis (see page 286). This condition, called urethral stricture, is a common problem following long-term catheter placement. Urethral stricture can interfere with urination...

Disorders of the Kidney

Your kidneys have tremendous excess capacity to do their job. In fact, you can lose more than 50 percent of your renal (kidney) function and remain healthy. However, serious health problems occur when renal function drops to 20 percent, and either a kidney transplant or dialysis (see box on page 292) is required if renal function drops below 10 to 15 percent. Once nephrons (the filtering units of the kidneys) have been destroyed, either suddenly through injury or poisoning or gradually after...

Sexual Desire and Aging

Several factors play a role in determining whether an older person is sexually active, including the biological processes associated with normal aging, the desire to engage in some form of sexual activity, and availability of a suitable partner and privacy for sexual expression. Among men, some sexual problems may increase with age, but not necessarily because of aging. The incidence of erectile dysfunction increases for men over 40 and escalates with each decade. The intensity of sexual...

Urinary Tract Infections Urethritis Cystitis and Pyelonephritis

The structure of the urinary tract reduces the likelihood of infection by preventing urine from flowing backward toward the kidneys and by washing bacteria out of the body with the normal flow of urine. In men, the prostate gland also produces secretions that slow bacterial growth. Urine is normally sterile. However, urinary tract infections are common, especially among women. An 287 obstruction of the urinary tract (such as a kidney stone or an enlarged prostate Urinary gland) also increases...

Penile Disorders

The penis can be injured in a variety of ways. Blows to the groin, such as those that occur in sports, can result in excruciating pain or injury. Cuts that result from catching the penis in a pants zipper also are common, but they usually heal quickly. Less common are job-related accidents that sever the penis, either partially or fully. Reattachment may be possible, but full penile sensation and function are rarely fully recovered. Several types of inflammation problems may involve the penis...

Do You Have a Drinking Problem

If you have any doubt about your level of alcohol consumption or your ability to control it, consider these questions Has a friend or a family member ever expressed concern about your drinking Has such concern annoyed you Do you frequently drink alone Do you try to conceal your drinking Do you drink to relax, relieve stress, overcome shyness, or go to sleep Have you ever felt the need to cut down on your drinking Have you ever felt guilty for drinking Do you ever have a drink first thing in the...

The Health Risks of Being Overweight or Underweight

More than half of all American men are overweight, and a third of all American men are obese (weigh more than 20 percent more than their ideal body weight). Being overweight is a major risk factor for a number of chronic diseases, including heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes, and certain forms of cancer. Even a small reduction as little as 10 percent in body weight can decrease your chances of developing the most common chronic disorders as you get older. If you already have a...

Boils and Carbuncles

A boil is a collection of pus beneath the top layer of skin. It is caused by bacterial infection of a hair follicle, the tiny pit in the surface of the skin in which a hair grows. Boils can cluster under the skin such a cluster is known as a carbuncle. Boils may result from infection of a cut or scrape in the skin, poor hygiene, cosmetics that clog the pores, exposure to chemicals, and friction from tight clothing or shoes. Perspiration contributes to the development of boils and carbuncles and...

Losing Weight Sensibly

Many overweight men have tried dieting and exercising to lose weight, with only modest success. Backsliding is easy, especially during the holidays or on special occasions. Successful weight loss depends on setting attainable goals and having reasonable expectations of meeting them. Losing 10 percent of your total body weight is an example of a sensible goal that you will be likely to reach. The sense of accomplishment that you feel will encourage you to keep the weight off and lose more if you...

When You Need to Gain Weight

Some men are underweight because of an eating disorder or because of treatment for a chronic disease such as cancer. They need to maintain their weight and add more pounds. For these men, taking in more calories than they burn is the answer. As simple as this may sound, underweight men often have to struggle with this concept. Some of these men experience appetite loss from chemotherapy or radiation therapy taken for cancer. Others struggle with an overwhelming fear of being fat that compels...

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is the most common bacterial STD in the United States. The microorganism Chlamydia trachomatis infects more than 3 million men and women each year. Chlamydia also is one of the most devastating STDs, because it often causes no symptoms and can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women. PID is responsible for up to 15 percent of cases of female infertility. Among men, chlamydia is one of the leading causes of urethritis (inflammation of the urethra). If you experience pain...

Anxiety Disorders

Fear is the driving force behind anxiety disorders. Each of us experiences fear throughout the course of our lives. But instead of feeling the reasonable fear that helps us recognize and respond to immediate danger, such as narrowly avoiding a traffic accident, people with an anxiety disorder experience fear that occurs in response to dangers that are either imagined or not immediately threatening. Such people experience almost constant feelings of worry or dread that interfere with their daily...

Allergic Contact Dermatitis

Allergic contact dermatitis is a skin condition that occurs when your skin comes into contact with allergens, substances to which you are allergic but that are harmless to most people. This condition is not triggered by harsh soaps or acids, for example, because these substances are irritants that will produce a rash on anyone's skin, given enough exposure. Upon contact with an allergen, the skin reddens and swells and may blister. The blisters may burst, leaving scaly patches. The condition is...

T

Tachycardia An unusually rapid heart rate of more than 100 beats per minute. tartar See calculus. T cell See lymphocyte. temporomandibular disorder A term used to describe a painful group of disorders that affect the jaw joints and their supporting muscles and ligaments. tendinitis Inflammation of a tendon, usually caused by excess friction between a tendon and a bone. tendon Strong, fibrous tissue that connects muscle to bone. tennis elbow See epicondylitis. tension headache See headache,...