Body Level Grids for Chapter

Several key body facts were tagged with numbered icons in the page margins of this chapter. Write a short summary of each of these key facts into a numbered cell or box within the appropriate Body-Level Grid that appears below.

Anatomy and Biological Order Fact Grid for Chapter 10:


Physiology and Biological Order Fact Grid for Chapter 10:

CELL Level

Function and Biological Order Fact Grids for Chapter 10:










Physiology and Biological Disorder Fact Grids for Chapter 10:


Test: Part 4

DO NOT REFER TO THE TEXT WHEN TAKING THIS TEST. A good score is at least 18 (out of 25 questions) correct. Answers are in the back of the book. It's best to have a friend check your score the first time, so you won't memorize the answers if you want to take the test again.

1. Psyche versus Soma means:

  • a) ''Mind versus Body''
  • b) ''Nerve versus Gland''
  • c) ''Muscle versus Bone''
  • d) ''Skeleton versus Brain''
  • e) ''Brain versus Brawn''

2. The ''little stomach'' with the three primary germ layers in the embryo:

  • a) Gross soma
  • b) Little puppeteer
  • c) Germinativum
  • d) Stratum corneum
  • e) Gastrula

3. Sensory nerve fibers are also classified as:

  • a) Efferent
  • b) Motor
  • c) Afferent
  • d) Stimuli
  • e) Axons

4. The ''self-regulating'' portion of the PNS:

(a) Somatic Nervous System

(b) CNS

  • c) Autonomic Nervous System
  • d) Endocrine glands
  • e) Brain

5. Includes input from the ''Special Senses'':

  • a) Spinal cord
  • b) Visceral target organs
  • c) Smooth muscle effectors

6. By ''Dual Innervation'' of the viscera, it is meant that:

  • a) The brain receives more than one set of nerves
  • b) Internal organs are supplied by both sympathetic and parasympa-thetic nerves
  • c) Our guts can be both relaxed and excited at the same time
  • d) Parasympathetic nerves always act like the brake pedal on a car
  • e) Sympathetic nerves always act like the gas pedal on a car

7. Cranial nerve supplying our sense of vision:

  • a) Number I
  • b) Optic
  • c) Oculomotor
  • d) Number X
  • e) Auditory

8. Helps with the sense of hearing:

  • a) Tympanum
  • b) Retina

(c) Rods

  • d) Cones
  • e) Posterior chamber

9. The thin "bark" of gray matter covering the main brain mass:

  • a) Medulla
  • b) Thalamus
  • c) Massa intermedia
  • d) Cerebral cortex
  • e) Horns of gray matter

10. The_is an egg-shaped "bedroom" at the top of the brainstem:

  • a) Cerebellum
  • b) Midbrain
  • c) Superior colliculus
  • d) Spinal cord body
  • e) Thalamus

11. Alternately called the myelencephalon or "spinal cord brain'':

(a) Medulla oblongata

(b) Pons

  • c) Corpora quadrigemina
  • d) Hypothalamus
  • e) Stapes

12. Serves as the body's internal alarm clock:

  • a) Inferior colliculi
  • b) Stretch reflex
  • c) Vertebral canal
  • d) Brachial plexus
  • e) Reticular Activating System

13. The pointed inferior tip of the spinal cord:

  • a) Ventricular system
  • b) Descending nerve tracts

(c) Pons

  • d) Conus medullaris
  • e) Dorsal root

14. The "tough mother" lining the skull and vertebral canal:

  • a) Arachnoid mater
  • b) Subarachnoid space
  • c) Dura mater
  • d) Central sulcus
  • e) Pia mater

15. Both the neuromuscular junction and synapse involve cell-to-cell communication by:

  • a) Release of chemical neurotransmitter molecules
  • b) Action potential waves which ''hop'' across the gaps
  • c) Glue-like cells that directly link the cells together
  • d) Binding of hormone molecules to their membrane receptor sites
  • e) Direct transmission of electrical radio signals

16. A good example of a mixed gland:

  • a) Ovary
  • b) Pancreas
  • c) Testis
  • d) Hypothalamus
  • e) Anterior pituitary

17. Gland of external secretion into ducts:

  • a) Exocrine
  • b) Adrenal cortex
  • c) Endocrine
  • d) Thalamus
  • e) Pineal

18. The major source of Cortisol and other glucocorticoid hormones:

  • a) External auditory canal
  • b) Pancreatic juice
  • c) Adrenal medulla
  • d) Parathyroids
  • e) Adrenal cortex

19. Epinephrine is alternately known as:

  • a) Noradrenaline
  • b) Acetylcholine
  • c) Adrenaline
  • d) Thyroxine

20. Increases the resorption (breaking down) of bone matrix within bones:

  • a) Oxytocin
  • b) Parathyroid hormone
  • c) Progesterone
  • d) Wheaties

21. Estrogen helps produce:

  • a) Mature sperm cells
  • b) A ''bridge'' across the brainstem
  • c) Two gastrulas
  • d) Secondary sex characteristics in women
  • e) Testosterone secretion

22. Source of the so-called trophic hormones:

  • a) Thyroid
  • b) Ovaries
  • c) Posterior pituitary
  • d) Pituitary stalk
  • e) Anterior pituitary

23. Increases the reabsorption of water from kidney tubules:

  • a) Aldosterone
  • b) Antidiuretic hormone
  • c) TSH-RH
  • d) Glucagon
  • e) Insulin

24. The essential role played by the posterior pituitary gland:

  • a) Storage and release of two important hormones
  • b) Synthesis and secretion of all brain hormones
  • c) Secretion of oxytocin; storage of ADH
  • d) Manufacture of insulin
  • e) Heavy consumption of blood glucose

25. Endocrine gland ablation (removal) would most probably cause:

  • a) Bloody stools
  • b) Hypersecretion of the gland's hormones
  • c) Excessive urination and thirst
  • d) Hyposecretion of the gland's hormones
  • e) Soul-searching and regrets

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