Test Part

DO NOT REFER TO THE TEXT WHEN TAKING THIS TEST. A good score is at least 18 (out of 25 questions) correct. Answers are in the back of the book. It's best to have a friend check your score the first time, so you won't memorize the answers if you want to take the test again.

1. Mainly consists of strata of epithelial cells:

  • a) Dermis
  • b) Hair follicle
  • c) Epidermis
  • d) Any skin accessory structure
  • e) Hypodermis

2. The horny waterproofing substance of the skin:

Melanin

Keratin

Glycogen

Calcium

Magnesium

3. When a person is exposed to ultraviolet light for a long period, the concentration of_in their epidermis tends to increase:

  • a) Melanin granules
  • b) Sensory nerve baskets
  • c) Keratinize squamae that are white
  • d) Glucose
  • e) Little Green Men!

4. The subcutaneous adipose connective tissue layer:

  • a) Stratum corneum
  • b) Lunula
  • c) Subdermis
  • d) Dermal collagen fibers
  • e) Endoplasmic reticulum

5. The major body function of hairs:

  • a) Sense of touch
  • b) Thickening of the skin in response to sun exposure
  • c) An attractive onset of alopecia
  • d) Provide a place for nutrients to diffuse into skin cells
  • e) When present in high numbers, serve to cool the skin surface with their shade

6. These are the real ''greasers'' in the skin!

  • a) Sweat pores
  • b) Hair shafts
  • c) Glycogen deposits
  • d) Pressure receptors
  • e) Sebaceous glands

7. The human endoskeleton — The_skeleton + The_skeleton:

  • a) Exoskeleton; endoskeleton
  • b) Axial; osseous
  • c) Vertebral; non-vertebral
  • d) Appendicular; somatic
  • e) Axial; appendicular

8. Flat bones are constructed somewhat like sandwiches, in that they:

  • a) Are often consumed with ketchup and mayo!
  • b) Consist of two slabs of yellow bone marrow
  • c) Usually feel like soft white bread
  • d) Have upper and lower slabs of dense bone tissue, with a slab of spongy bone between
  • e) Deliver a heavy nutrient load, just like sandwiches eaten for lunch

9. The bones of the shoulder and hip girdles, arms and legs, wrists and ankles, hands and feet:

  • a) Bony vertebral column
  • b) Axial skeleton
  • c) Os coxa
  • d) Appendicular skeleton
  • e) Long bones

10. Scraping the surface of a long bone of a raw chicken with a knife, peels off the:

  • a) Marrow cavity
  • b) Epiphysis
  • c) Periosteum
  • d) Endosteum
  • e) Blastular cavity

11. A criss-crossing latticework of slender bony trabeculae:

  • a) Dense bone tissue
  • b) Articular cartilage
  • c) Haversian canals
  • d) Cancellous bone tissue
  • e) Red bone marrow

12. Functions in hematopoiesis:

  • a) Osteon
  • b) Yellow bone marrow
  • c) Spinal cord
  • d) Synovial joint
  • e) Red bone marrow

13. The major repeating structural subunit that makes up dense bone tissue:

  • a) Haversian system
  • b) Bosteon
  • c) Clopton H.
  • d) Lacuna
  • e) Central canal

14. Bone whose name means ''elbow'' or ''arm'':

  • a) Humerus
  • b) Radius

(c) Ulna

  • d) Carpal
  • e) Femur

15. Line up like ''battle lines of soldiers'':

  • a) Phalanges
  • b) Tarsals
  • c) Vertebrae
  • d) Teeth
  • e) Carpals

16. A fracture that doesn't break all the way through a bone:

  • a) Compound
  • b) Greenstick
  • c) Complete
  • d) Simple
  • e) Complex

17. Intervertebral discs between backbones are good examples of_

joints:

  • a) Cartilaginous
  • b) Synarthrotic
  • c) Immovable
  • d) Synovial
  • e) Diarthrotic

18. A severe autoimmune disorder attacking joint tissue:

(a) OA

  • b) Rheumatoid arthritis
  • c) Osteomalacia
  • d) Cancer of the brain
  • e) Hematopoiesis

19. A fusiform muscle is roughly shaped like a:

  • a) Fishing bobber
  • b) Little key
  • c) Piece of gum
  • d) Round marble
  • e) Flat pancake

20. A group of muscle fibers surrounded by fascia:

  • a) Tendon
  • b) Fascicle
  • c) Epimysium
  • d) Myofibril
  • e) Papilla

21. Skeletal muscle fibers are cross-striped, meaning that they are:

  • a) Smooth in appearance
  • b) Homogeneously dark green in color
  • c) Articulated
  • d) Striated
  • e) Non-striated

Saying that, ''My biceps really hurts!,'' is anatomically inaccurate, because:

  • a) There is no such thing as a biceps!
  • b) You really meant to say your triceps hurt!
  • c) There are at least two different biceps muscles
  • d) No muscles have both a long and short head
  • e) You're just being a big crybaby!

end of a muscle moves towards the

23. ''During contraction, the_

_end:''

  • a) Origin; insertion
  • b) Flagellated; non-flagellated
  • c) Epimysial; perimysial
  • d) Internal; external
  • e) Insertion; origin

24. Forms a little circle around the mouth:

  • a) Orbicularis oculi
  • b) Rhomboideus major
  • c) Pectoralis minor
  • d) Latissimus dorsi
  • e) Orbicularis oris

25. A prime mover or agonist for forearm extension:

  • a) Biceps brachii
  • b) Soleus
  • c) Quadriceps femoris
  • d) Triceps brachii
  • e) Tibialis anterior

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