References

Personality dimensions across cultures. Journal of Personality Disorders, 19, 212-232. Alper, J. S. (1998). Genes, free will, and criminal responsibility. Social Science and Medicine, 46, 1599-1611. American Psychiatric Association. (1980). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed.). Washington, DC Author. American Psychiatric Association. (1987). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed., rev. ed.). Washington, DC Author. American...

Info

Nationally representative face-to-face survey of 43,093 noninstitutionalized respondents, 18 years of age or older, conducted by NIAAA. DSM-IV criteria for substance use disorders and 9 independent mood and anxiety disorders were assessed with the Alcohol Use Disorders and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule-DSM-IV Version (AUDADIS-IV), a structured diagnostic interview administered by lay interviewers. major depression (27.2 ). Further analysis of ECA data (Helzer, Robbins, & McEvoy,...

Epidemiology

There are several methodological issues to consider when evaluating the literature on the epidemiology of dual diagnosis. First, data come from both epidemiological and clinical studies. Several large-scale epidemiological studies examining rates of dual diagnosis in general population samples have been carried out since the mid-1980s. These studies provide representative information on rates of mental illness and substance use disorders, use structured diagnostic interviews, and generate...

Boundary With Normality

In DSM-IV, each of the mental disorders is conceptualized as a clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndrome or pattern that occurs in an individual and that is associated with present distress (e.g., a painful symptom) or disability (i.e., impairment in one or more important areas of functioning) or with a significantly increased risk of suffering death, pain, disability, or an important loss of freedom (APA, 2000, p. xxxi). If one considers the fundamental, defining features of...

Thomas A Widiger And Stephanie Mullinssweatt

Tn DSM-IV, there is no assumption that each category of mental disorder I is a completely discrete entity with absolute boundaries dividing it from JL other mental disorders or from no mental disorder (American Psychiatric Association APA , 2000, p. xxxi). This carefully worded disclaimer, however, is somewhat hollow, as it is the case that DSM-IV is a categorical classification that divides mental disorders into types based on criterion sets with defining features (APA, 2000, p. xxxi)....