Achondroplastic Dwarfism

Grow Taller 4 Idiots

How to Grow Taller

Get Instant Access

Achondroplastic24 (ah-con-dro-PLAS-tic) dwarfism is a condition in which the long bones of the limbs stop growing in childhood, while the growth of other bones is unaffected. As a result, a person has a short stature but a normal-sized head and trunk (fig. 7.12). As its name implies, achondroplastic dwarfism results from a failure of cartilage growth—specifically, failure of the chondrocytes in zones 2 and 3 of the metaphysis to multiply and enlarge. This is different from pituitary dwarfism, in which a deficiency of growth hormone stunts the growth of all of the bones and a person has short stature but normal proportions throughout the skeletal system.

Achondroplastic dwarfism results from a spontaneous mutation that can arise any time DNA is replicated. Two people of normal height with no family history of dwarfism can therefore have a child with achondroplastic dwarfism. The mutant allele is dominant, so the children of a heterozygous achondroplastic dwarf have at least a 50%

Before You Go On

Answer the following questions to test your understanding of the preceding section:

  1. Describe the stages of intramembranous ossification. Name a bone that is formed in this way.
  2. Describe the five zones of a metaphysis and the major distinctions between them.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

Get My Free Ebook


Responses

  • kidane abraham
    What is the physiology of dwarfism?
    3 months ago

Post a comment