Bone, or osseous3 tissue, is a connective tissue in which the matrix is hardened by the deposition of calcium phosphate and other minerals. The hardening process is called mineralization or calcification. (Bone is not the hardest substance in the body; that distinction goes to tooth enamel.) Osseous tissue is only one of the tissues that make up a bone. Also present are blood, bone marrow, cartilage, adipose tissue, nervous tissue, and fibrous connective tissue. The word bone can denote an organ composed of all these tissues, or it can denote just the osseous tissue.
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This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.