A centriole (SEN-tree-ole) is a short cylindrical assembly of microtubules, arranged in nine groups of three micro-tubules each (fig. 3.30). Two centrioles lie perpendicular to each other within a small clear area of cytoplasm called the centrosome41 (see fig. 3.5). They play a role in cell division described in chapter 4. Each basal body of a flagellum or cilium is a single centriole oriented perpendicular to the plasma membrane. Basal bodies originate in a centriolar organizing center and migrate to the plasma membrane. Two microtubules of each triplet then elongate to form the nine pairs of peripheral microtubules of the axoneme. A cilium can grow to its full length in less than an hour.
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This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.