Interactions Between the Integumentary System and Other Organ Systems

indicates ways in which this system affects other systems indicates ways in which other systems affect this one

All Systems

The integumentary system serves all other systems by providing a physical barrier to environmental hazards

Skeletal System

Role of skin in vitamin D synthesis promotes calcium absorption needed for bone growth and maintenance ^^ Supports skin at scalp and other places where bone lies close to surface

Muscular System

Vitamin D synthesis promotes absorption of calcium needed for muscle contraction; skin dissipates heat generated by muscles ^^ Active muscles generate heat and warm the skin; contractions of skeletal muscles pull on skin and produce facial expressions

Nervous System

Sensory impulses from skin transmitted to nervous system ^^ Regulates diameter of cutaneous blood vessels; stimulates perspiration and contraction of piloerector muscles

Endocrine System

Vitamin D3 acts as a hormone ^^ Sex hormones cause changes in integumentary features at puberty; some hormone imbalances have pathological effects on skin

Circulatory System

Dermal vasoconstriction diverts blood to other organs; skin prevents loss of fluid from cardiovascular system; dermal mast cells cause vasodilation and increased blood flow ^^ Delivers O2, nutrients, and hormones to skin and carries away wastes; hemoglobin colors skin

Lymphatic/Immune Systems

Dendritic cells detect foreign substances ^^ Lymphatic system controls fluid balance and prevents edema;

immune cells protect skin from infection and promote tissue repair

Respiratory System

Nasal hairs filter particles that might otherwise be inhaled ^- Provides O2 and removes CO2

Urinary System

Skin complements urinary system by excreting salts and some nitrogenous wastes in sweat ^^ Disposes of wastes and maintains electrolyte and pH balance

Digestive System

Vitamin D synthesis promotes intestinal absorption of calcium ^^ Provides nutrients needed for integumentary development and function; nutritional disorders often reflected in appearance of skin, hair, and nails

Reproductive System

Cutaneous receptors respond to erotic stimuli; mammary glands produce milk to nourish infants; apocrine glands produce scents with subtle sexual functions ^^ Gonadal sex hormones promote growth, maturation, and maintenance of skin

Saladin: Anatomy & I 6. The Integumentary I Text I I © The McGraw-Hill

Physiology: The Unity of System Companies, 2003 Form and Function, Third Edition

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    7 years ago
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