Interactions Between the Skeletal System and Other Organ Systems

indicates ways in which this system affects other systems indicates ways in which other systems affect this one

Integumentary System

Bones lying close to body surfaces shape the skin ^^ Initiates synthesis of vitamin D needed for bone deposition

Muscular System

Bones provide leverage and sites of attachment for muscles; provide calcium needed for muscle contraction ^^ Muscles move bones; stress produced by muscles affects patterns of ossification and remodeling, as well as shape of mature bones

Nervous System

Cranium and vertebral column protect brain and spinal cord; bones provide calcium needed for neural function ^- Sensory receptors provide sensations of body position and pain from bones and joints

Endocrine System

Bones protect endocrine organs in head, chest, and pelvis ^^ Hormones regulate mineral deposition and resorption, bone growth, and skeletal mass and density

Circulatory System

Myeloid tissue forms blood cells; bone matrix stores calcium needed for cardiac muscle activity ^^ Delivers O2, nutrients, and hormones to bone tissue and carries away wastes; delivers blood cells to marrow

Lymphatic/Immune Systems

Most types of blood cells produced in myeloid tissue function as part of immune system ^- Maintains balance of interstitial fluid in bones; lymphocytes assist in defense and repair of bones

Respiratory System

Bones form respiratory passageway through nasal cavity; protect lungs and aid in ventilation ^^ Provides O2 and removes CO2

Urinary System

Skeleton physically supports and protects organs of urinary system ^- Kidneys activate vitamin D and regulate calcium and phosphate excretion

Skeletal System Protects Organs

Digestive System

Skeleton provides bony protection for digestive organs ^^ Provides nutrients needed for bone growth and maintenance

Reproductive System

Skeleton protects some reproductive organs ^- Gonads produce hormones that affect bone growth and closure of epiphyseal plates

Saladin: Anatomy & I 8. The Skeletal System I Text I © The McGraw-Hill

Physiology: The Unity of Companies, 2003 Form and Function, Third Edition

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  • Myrtle
    What are some interactions between organs and the skeletal system?
    7 years ago
  • Stefan
    What organs does the skeletal system protect?
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    27 days ago
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