Membrane Lipids

Figure 3.6b shows our current concept of the molecular structure of the plasma membrane—an oily film of lipids with diverse proteins embedded in it. Typically about 98% of the molecules in the membrane are lipids, and about 75% of the lipids are phospholipids. These amphiphilic molecules arrange themselves into a bilayer, with their hydrophilic phosphate-containing heads facing the water on each side of the membrane and their hydrophobic tails directed toward the center of the mem brane, avoiding the water. The phospholipids drift laterally from place to place, spin on their axes, and flex their tails. These movements keep the membrane fluid.

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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