Mineral Resorption

Mineral resorption is the process of dissolving bone. It releases minerals into the blood and makes them available

26 calc = stone + ulus = little for other uses. Resorption is carried out by osteoclasts. Hydrogen pumps in the ruffled border of the osteoclast secrete hydrogen ions into the extracellular fluid, and chloride ions follow by electrical attraction. The space between the osteoclast and the bone thus becomes filled with concentrated hydrochloric acid with a pH of about 4. The acid dissolves the bone minerals. The osteoclast also secretes an enzyme called acid phosphatase that digests the collagen of the bone matrix. Acid phosphatase is named for its ability to function in this highly acidic environment.

When orthodontic appliances (braces) are used to reposition teeth, a tooth moves because osteoclasts dissolve bone ahead of the tooth (where the appliance creates greater pressure of the tooth against the bone) and osteoblasts deposit bone in the low-pressure zone behind it.

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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