Guanosine (GWAH-no-seen) triphosphate (GTP) is another nucleotide involved in energy transfers. In some reactions, it donates phosphate groups to other molecules. In some pathways, it donates its third phosphate group to ADP to regenerate ATP.
Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) (see fig. 2.29b) is a nucleotide formed by the removal of both the second and third phosphate groups from ATP. In some cases, when a hormone or other chemical signal ("first messenger") binds to a cell surface, it triggers an internal reaction that converts ATP to cAMP. The cAMP then acts as a "second messenger" to activate metabolic effects within the cell.
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If you have heard about metabolism, chances are it is in relation to weight loss. Metabolism is bigger than weight loss, though, as you will learn later on. It is about a healthier, better you. If you want to fire up your metabolism and do not have any idea how to do it, you have come to the right place. If you have tried to speed up your metabolism before but do not see visible results, you have also come to the right place.