Guanosine (GWAH-no-seen) triphosphate (GTP) is another nucleotide involved in energy transfers. In some reactions, it donates phosphate groups to other molecules. In some pathways, it donates its third phosphate group to ADP to regenerate ATP.
Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) (see fig. 2.29b) is a nucleotide formed by the removal of both the second and third phosphate groups from ATP. In some cases, when a hormone or other chemical signal ("first messenger") binds to a cell surface, it triggers an internal reaction that converts ATP to cAMP. The cAMP then acts as a "second messenger" to activate metabolic effects within the cell.
Was this article helpful?
Forget Silly Diets-They Don't Work. Weight loss has got to be the most frustrating experience for many people, young and old alike. Eating foods that are just horrible, denying yourself foods you truly love and enjoy. Exercising, even though you absolutely hate exercising, and end up stiff as a board with no results.