Spongy bone (fig. 7.4a) consists of a lattice of slender rods, plates, and spines called trabeculae.17 Although
calcified and hard, spongy bone is named for its spongelike appearance (see p. 217). It is permeated by spaces filled with bone marrow. The matrix is arranged in lamellae like those of compact bone, but there are few osteons. Central canals are not needed here because no osteocyte is very far from the marrow. Spongy bone is well designed to impart strength to a bone while adding a minimum of weight. Its trabeculae are not randomly arranged as they might seem at a glance, but develop along the bone's lines of stress (fig. 7.5).
Was this article helpful?
This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.