Testing Your Recall

  1. Which cells have a ruffled border and secrete hydrochloric acid?
  2. C cells b. osteocytes c. osteogenic cells d. osteoblasts e. osteoclasts
  3. The medullary cavity of an adult bone may contain a. myeloid tissue.
  4. hyaline cartilage.
  5. periosteum.
  6. osteocytes.
  7. articular cartilages.
  8. The spurt of growth in puberty results from cell proliferation and hypertrophy in a. the epiphysis.
  9. the epiphyseal line.
  10. the dense bone.
  11. the epiphyseal plate.
  12. the spongy bone.
  13. Osteoclasts are most closely related, by common descent, to a. osteoprogenitor cells.
  14. osteogenic cells.
  15. monocytes.
  16. fibroblasts.
  17. osteoblasts.
  18. The walls between cartilage lacunae break down in the zone of a. cell proliferation.
  19. calcification.
  20. reserve cartilage.
  21. bone deposition.
  22. cell hypertrophy.
  23. Which of these is not an effect of PTH?
  24. rise in blood phosphate level b. reduction of calcium excretion c. increased intestinal calcium absorption d. increased number of osteoclasts e. increased calcitriol synthesis
  25. A child jumps to the ground from the top of a playground "jungle gym." His leg bones do not shatter mainly because they contain a. an abundance of glycosaminoglycans.
  26. young, resilient osteocytes.
  27. an abundance of calcium phosphate.
  28. collagen fibers.
  29. hydroxyapatite crystals.
  30. One long bone meets another at its a. diaphysis.
  31. epiphyseal plate.
  32. periosteum.
  33. metaphysis.
  34. epiphysis.
  35. Calcitriol is made from a. calcitonin.
  36. 7-dehydrocholesterol.
  37. hydroxyapatite.
  38. estrogen.

e. PTH.

  1. One sign of osteoporosis is a. osteosarcoma.
  2. osteomalacia.
  3. osteomyelitis.
  4. a Colles fracture.
  5. hypocalcemia.
  6. Calcium phosphate crystallizes in bone as a mineral called_.
  7. Osteocytes contact each other through channels called_in the bone matrix.
  8. A bone increases in diameter only by

_growth, the addition of new surface osteons.

14. Seed crystals of hydroxyapatite form only when the levels of calcium and phosphate in the tissue fluid exceed the_.

Saladin: Anatomy & 7. Bone Tissue Text © The McGraw-Hill

Physiology: The Unity of Companies, 2003 Form and Function, Third Edition

242 Part Two Support and Movement

15. A calcium deficiency called can cause death by suffocation.

16 ._are cells that secrete collagen and stimulate calcium phosphate deposition.

  1. The most active form of vitamin D, produced mainly by the kidneys,
  2. The most common bone disease is
  3. The transitional region between epiphyseal cartilage and the primary marrow cavity of a young bone is called the_.
  4. A pregnant, poorly nourished woman may suffer a softening of the bones called .

Answers in Appendix B

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Responses

  • Glen
    Which osteogenic cells have ruffled borders and secrete hydrochloric acid?
    7 years ago
  • jari
    Which cells have a ruffled border and secrete hydrochloric acid?
    8 months ago

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