The Structural and Functional Organization of Muscles


When you have completed this section, you should be able to

  • list several functions of muscles;
  • describe the connective tissues associated with a skeletal muscle;
  • explain what is meant by the origin, insertion, belly, action, and innervation of a muscle;
  • describe the various shapes of skeletal muscles and relate this to their functions;
  • describe the ways that muscles work in groups to aid, oppose, or moderate each other's actions;
  • distinguish between intrinsic and extrinsic muscles; and
  • translate several Latin words commonly used in the naming of muscles.

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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