Figure 4.55. A radiograph of the chest showing a fracture of the right clavicle. The clavicle is the site of the most common fracture during delivery especially if shoulder dystocia is present. Healing is rapid because of the speed with which callus formation occurs and it is rare to have any permanent deformity.

Figure 4.56. A radiograph of a fracture of the middle third of the right humerus following a difficult delivery. This commonly arises with shoulder dystocia and may be associated with lesions of the brachial plexus due to traction on the shoulder girdle. The upper arm is immobile, painful and may be swollen.

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