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Figure 7.74. Radiograph of the chest of an infant with a left-sided pneumothorax. Note the superior location of the improperly placed chest tube which is lying outside the left thorax.

Figure 7.75. Radiograph of the chest of the same infant with rapid resolution of the pneumothorax after proper placement of the chest tube into the left thorax.

Figure 7.76. This low birth weight infant (birth weight 1440 g) developed a large pneumothorax on the right side. A chest tube was placed in the right sixth intercostal space in the anterior axillary line. The tube perforated the diaphragm and liver resulting in massive hemorrhage from the liver. At autopsy the figure on the left shows the placement of the tube through the chest wall with damage to the diaphragm. The figure on the right shows the perforation of the diaphragm which then resulted in damage to the liver and hemorrhage.

Figure 7.75. Radiograph of the chest of the same infant with rapid resolution of the pneumothorax after proper placement of the chest tube into the left thorax.

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