Chlamydia trachomatis

Chlamydia trachomatis is the major causative agent of non-gonococcal urethri-tis, as well as epididymitis in men, and is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial pathogen worldwide. Genital C. trachomatis infection is a key global issue facing female reproductive health. It can cause cervicitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, and ectopic pregnancy. Asymptomatic infections are common in both men and women. Currently, routine screening for chlamydia are recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on sexually active teenagers and adults of <24 years (CDC, 2002). Because of the requirements for possible population-based screening, an accurate and sensitive laboratory test using noninvasive procedures for the diagnosis of chlamydia is often required.

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