Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma

Based on differing treatment strategies, urethritis has commonly been categorized etiologically as gonococcal or non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU). Both infections are usually acquired via sexual contact, and the latter infection is mainly attributable to the pathogenic role of Chlamydia trachomatis, which accounts for 30-50% of men with NGU (Taylor-Robinson, 1996). Besides NGU, Mycoplasma hominis, M. genitalium, Ureaplasma parvum, and U. urealyticum are important etiological agents of postpartum fever, infertility, and pelvic inflammatory disease (Waites et al., 2003). A number of different approaches for detection of mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas have been developed, and each method has its advantages and disadvantages with respect to cost, time, reliability, specificity, and sensitivity. These methods commonly include culture (Jensen et al., 1996), antigen detection (Bebear et al., 1997), DNA probes (Razin, 1994; Yoshida et al., 2003) and PCR (Jensen et al., 1996; Mahony et al., 1997; Yoshida et al., 2002).

Pregnancy Nutrition

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