Brief History Of

When HIV/AIDS was first discovered it was known by many names. By 1982 some people, linking the condition to its initial known occurrence in gay men, called the disease variously 'gay compromise syndrome', 'GRID' (gay-related immune deficiency) and 'gay cancer'. The disease was also called 'community-acquired immune dysfunction', 'LAV' (lymphadenopathy-associated virus), and 'HTLV-3' (human T-cell lymphotropic virus, type 3).

In May 1986, however, the International Committee on the Taxonomy of Viruses ruled that a new name of HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) would be given to this disease.

In December 1981 the first case of AIDS was diagnosed in the UK. By October 1985, UK blood transfusion centres began routine HIV testing of all blood donations (Pratt, 2003).

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