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A CT scan of an infant with a grade II PVH-IVH. There is blood within the lateral ventricles without ventricular dilatation. Figure 3.105. A CT scan of an infant with a grade III PVH-IVH. There is blood within the dilated lateral ventricles. Figure 3.106. A CT scan of an infant with a grade IV PVH-IVH. Note the blood within the lateral ventricles and extension into the cerebral parenchyma. Figure 3.107. This term infant presented with marked increase in head size (fronto-occipital...

Lipomeningocele

Lipomeningocele

Note the associated protrusion of a skin tag in another variant of a lipomeningocele. In infants with lipomeningoceles, skin tags may be present, there may be some skin discoloration due to the presence of the lipoma, and the lesions are usually not midline because of die presence of the lipoma. Lipomeningoceles are relatively rare defects. Figure 3.79. This lipomeningocele is a simple meningocele with infiltration of fibrous and fatty tissue continuous with a subcutaneous lipoma....

Poeauricular Wart

Skin Tag Spine Neonate

Multiple preauricular skin tags in an infant with a normal ear. Note that skin tags may be pedunculated. Figure 1.145. Preauricular skin tags in an infant with cupping of the ear. Figure 1.145. Preauricular skin tags in an infant with cupping of the ear. Figure 1.146. Preauricular skin tags and skin tags along a line connecting the oral commissure with the external auditory canal are seen in syndromes involving the first and second branchial arch, as in this infant with...

The Central Nervous System

Setting Sun Sign

Central nervous system disorders are among the three major causes of mortality in neonates. All of the conditions that affect the infant's brain do so in part because this system is developing at a rapid rate. The neurologic examination of the newborn must thus be interpreted in the context of the child's brain maturation (gestational age) and level of alertness. The examination should be brief so as to avoid hypoxemia and fluctuations in arterial blood pressure. Head circumference is a useful...

Il

In this infant with a f9 lipomeningocele with a tethered cord, note the associated skin discoloration with a small skin tag. Figure 3.82. A lipomeningocele with an associated sinus tract is present in this infant. Figure 3.83. Infant with a large dermal sinus tract associated with cord tethering and spinal dysraphism. On MRI there was a tethered cord and spina bifida both above and below the lesion. Figure 3.84. Small finger-like dermal tag extending from the mid-line of the back...

Infection Acquired

Trachoma inclusion conjunctivitis (TRIC or chlamydial conjunctivitis) usually does not become clinically apparent before the 6th day of life. This shows a dense white membrane which developed over a period of a week. TRIC is one of the few infections which cause the formation of conjunctival membranes, shown on the conjunctival surface of the upper eyelid of this eye. Tetracycline and erythromycin have been used for Crede prophylaxis in some nurseries because of the increasing...

Cyst In Lips Due To Sucking Callosities

Severe Facial Deformities

Another variant of the median cleft syndrome (holoprosen-cephaly) is cebocephaly in which there is a small nose with a single nostril above or below the eyes. Note the single orifice and aplasia of the nasal septum and philtrum. Figure 1.63. Buccal fat pads (sucking cushions) are pads of fat tissue between the fibers of the masseter muscle. When the infant is sucking they prevent collapsing of the cheeks during indrawing. These fat pads remain unaltered despite loss of adipose...