Acute Urethral Syndrome

Another UTT is acute urethral syndrome. Patients with this syndrome are primarily young, sexually active women, who experience dysuria, frequency, and urgency but yield fewer organisms than 105 colony-forming units of bacteria per milliliter (CFU/mL) urine on culture.7,10,17'18 (The classic criterion of greater than 105 CFU/mL of urine is highly indicative of infection in most patients with UTIs.) Almost 50% of all women who seek medical attention for complaints of symptoms of acute cystitis fall into this group. Although Chlamydia trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae urethritis, anaerobic infection, genital herpes, and vaginitis account for some cases of acute urethral syndrome, most of these women are infected with organisms identical to those that cause cystitis but in numbers less than 105 CFU/mL urine. One must use a cutoff of 102 CFU/mL, rather than 105 CFU/mL, for this group of patients but must insist on concomitant pyuria (presence of 8 or more leukocytes per cubic millimeter on microscopic examination of uncentrifuged urine). Approximately 90% of these women have pyuria, an important discriminatory feature of infection.

Bacterial Vaginosis Facts

Bacterial Vaginosis Facts

This fact sheet is designed to provide you with information on Bacterial Vaginosis. Bacterial vaginosis is an abnormal vaginal condition that is characterized by vaginal discharge and results from an overgrowth of atypical bacteria in the vagina.

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