Additional Reading

Balows A, Turper HG, Dworkin M, et al editors: The pro-karyotes: a handbook on the biology of bacteria: ecophysiology, isolation, identification, applications, vols 1-4, New York, 1992, Springer Verlag.

Brock TTĀ» et al, editors: Biology of microorganisms, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1994, Prentice Hall.

Krieg NR, Holt JG, editors: Bergey's manual of systematic bacteriology, vol 1, Baltimore, 1984, Williams & Wilkins.

Ganity GM, editor: Bergey's manual of systematic bacteriology, ed 2, New York, 2005, Springer.

Bacterial Genetics, chapter Metabolism, and Structure icrobial genetics, metabolism, and structure are the keys to microbial viability and survival. These processes involve numerous pathways that are widely varied, often complicated, and frequently interactive. Essentially, survival requires energy to fuel the synthesis of materials necessary for growth, propagation, and carrying out all other metabolic processes (Figure 2-1). Although the goal of survival is the same for all organisms, the strategies microorganisms use to accomplish this vary substantially.

Knowledge regarding genetic, metabolic, and structural characteristics of microorganisms provides the basis for understanding almost every aspect of diagnostic microbiology, including:

  • The mechanism by which microorganisms cause disease
  • Developing and implementing optimum techniques for microbial detection, cultivation, identification, and characterization
  • Understanding antimicrobial action and resistance
  • Developing and implementing tests for antimicrobial resistance detection
  • Designing strategies for disease therapy and control

Microorganisms vary greatly in many genetic and physiologic aspects, and a detailed consideration of all these differences is beyond the scope of this textbook. Therefore, bacterial systems are used as a model to discuss microbial genetics, metabolism, and structure. Information regarding characteristics of fungi, viruses, and parasites are found in the chapters discussing these specific organism groups.

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Bacterial Vaginosis Facts

Bacterial Vaginosis Facts

This fact sheet is designed to provide you with information on Bacterial Vaginosis. Bacterial vaginosis is an abnormal vaginal condition that is characterized by vaginal discharge and results from an overgrowth of atypical bacteria in the vagina.

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