Epidemiology Etiologic Agents

STDs are major public health problems in all populations and socioeconomic groups worldwide. An estimated 4 million genital infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis occur annually in the United States alone. The incidence and spread of STDs are greatly influenced by numerous factors such as the availability of multiple

Uterine tube

Symphysis pubis

Urinary bladder

Urethra Vagina

Fornix of vagina

Seminal vesicle '

Ejaculatory g duct

Glans

Urinary bladder

Symphysis pubis

Prostate gland

Urethra

Glans

Posterior cul-de-sac Cervix

Uterine tube

Anterior cul-de-sac

Symphysis pubis

Urinary bladder

Fornix of vagina

Urethra Vagina

Urinary bladder

Seminal vesicle '

Ejaculatory g duct

Symphysis pubis

Prostate gland

Urethra

Rectum

Figura 58-1 Location of key anatomic structures of the female (A) and male (B) genital tracts in relation to other major anatomic structures.

sexual partners, the presence of asymptomatic infection, the frequent movement of people within populations, and increasing affluence.®

Hie number of microorganisms that can cause genital tract infections is large. Of importance, these organisms are diverse, representing all four major groups of microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites). The major causes of genital tract infections are listed in Tfcble 58-1.

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Bacterial Vaginosis Facts

Bacterial Vaginosis Facts

This fact sheet is designed to provide you with information on Bacterial Vaginosis. Bacterial vaginosis is an abnormal vaginal condition that is characterized by vaginal discharge and results from an overgrowth of atypical bacteria in the vagina.

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