Various anabolic reactions assemble (polymerize) the building blocks into macromolecules that include lipids, lipopolysaccharides, polysaccharides, proteins, and nucleic acids. This synthesis of macromolecules is driven by energy and enzymatic activity within the cell. Similarly, energy and enzymatic activities also drive the assembly of these various macromolecules into the component structures of the bacterial cell. That is, the cellular structures are the product of all the genetic and metabolic processes discussed.
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