Chamois contagious ecthyma virus

Tentative species in the genus Parapoxvirus. Causes lesions similar to those produced by Goatpox virus, but the lesions are primarily around the lips and mouth, and infrequently on the udder, thighs, anus, nostrils and eyes. Antigenically different from Goatpox virus and the two do not cross-protect. An important cause of disease in sheep, and a live vaccine is used. As virus remains active in scabs for a long period the vaccine is used annually. Occurs in many parts of the world. Synonyms...

Flavivirus Febricus

Y-1 cells (CCL 79) Clone Y-1, a steroid-secreting cell strain, was initiated from an adrenal cortex tumor of a male LAF1 mouse. Y 62-33 virus A species in the genus Alphavirus, related to Western equine encephalitis virus, probably of Old World origin. Y73 sarcoma virus (Y73SV) A species in the genus Alpharetrovirus. Yaba-like disease virus Synonym for Tanapox virus. species in the genus Yatapoxvirus causing benign fibrous tumors of the head and limbs of rhesus and cynomolgus monkeys, which may...

Muscovy duck parvovirus MDPV A

Mus dunni retrovirus (MDEV) An endogenous murine retrovirus first identified during tests for possible helper viruses in human gene transfer experiments with retroviral vectors. The helper assay cells from Mus dunni could be activated by treatment with hydrocortisone or IUDR to produce the virus, which is unrelated to known murine leukemia virus groups. It is able to infect a wide range of cell types from different species. Miller AD et al (1996) J Virol 70, 1804 mus1-mus2 Serotype designation...

Measles Edmonston virus MeV

Type species in the genus Morbillivirus. A natural infection of humans causing measles, an acute febrile illness of children, which is the seventh leading cause of childhood mortality worldwide. Onset with prodromal symptoms of cough, coryza and conjunctivitis occurs about 10 days after infection. Prodromal stage 4-5 days, followed by mounting fever, the appearance of Koplik's spots on the buccal mucosa and rash on head and neck spreading to the trunk and limbs. Recovery usually rapid but the...

Quail adenovirus See fowl adenovirus

Quail bronchitis A disease of quail caused by Fowl adenovirus A, a species in the genus Aviadenovirus. An acute, highly contagious respiratory disease in captive and wild bobwhite quail, Colinus virgini-anus. In young birds less than 4 weeks old there may be 100 fatality. Identical to CELO virus, fowl adenovirus 1. See fowl adenovirus 1. Synonym quail adenovirus. quail parvovirus Synonym for a strain of Avian adeno-associated virus, genus Dependovirus. Quailpox virus (QUPV) A species in the...

Columbid herpesvirus 1 CoHV1 An

Unassigned species in the family Herpesviridae. A natural and widespread infection of pigeons. Not transmissible to chickens, ducks, geese or quail, but budgerigars and turtle doves can be infected experimentally. Related viruses have been isolated from falcons, falconid herpesvirus 1, and owls, strigid her-pesvirus 1. Only one serotype has been found. Causes conjunctivitis, respiratory lesions and focal necrosis of the liver, but is usually carried by apparently normal birds as a latent...

Anterior poliomyelitis virus Synonym for Poliovirus

Antheraea cells, adapted (CCL 80) This cell line was derived from the ovarian tissues of the moth, Antheraea eucalypti, and constituted the first true line of arthropod cells established in cell culture. Because of the difficulty and expense in obtaining significant volumes of lepidopteran hemolymph, the Antheraea cells were adapted to hemolymph-free culture medium. The adapted Antheraea cells are able to support the growth of a number of arboviruses. anthroponosis A disease which is spread...

Erythema infectiosum fifth disease A

Childhood disease with an erythematous rash (slapped cheek syndrome) and transient polyarthropathy caused by the human parvovirus, B19 virus. erythroblast A nucleated bone-marrow cell that gives rise to red blood cells. erythroblastosis of mice virus Has been used as a synonym for Kirsten leukemia virus, but erythroblastosis occurs to some degree with other leukemia viruses such as Friend leukemia virus. erythroblastosis virus Synonym for avian erythroblastosis virus. erythrocyte A mature red...

PCR See polymerase chain reaction

Peacockpox virus (PKPV) A tentative species in the genus Avipoxvirus. Isolated from captive peacocks, Pavo cristatus sp, in Baghdad Zoo in 1978 during an outbreak in which there was 75 morbidity and 13 mortality. Pathogenic for chickens infected experimentally. Antigenically related to Fowlpox and Pigeonpox virus. Al Fallugi MM et al (1979) J Wildl Dis 15, 597 Peaton virus (PEAV) A serotype of Shamonda virus in the genus Bunyavirus, belonging to the Simbu serogroup. Isolated from the mosquito,...

Callitrichine herpesvirus 2 CalHV2 An

Unassigned member of the family Herpesviridae. Isolated from the salivary glands of white-lipped marmosets, Sanguinus fuscicollis. Synonym marmoset cytomegalovirus. Nigida SM et al (1979) Lab Anim Sci 29, 53 Calovo virus Synonym for Batai virus in the genus Bunyavirus. Camberwell virus A probable species in the genus 'Norwalk-like viruses', isolated from an outbreak of gastroenteritis in a hostel for the aged in Camberwell, near Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Genetically related most closely...

Walleye herpesvirus See percid herpesvirus

Walrus calicivirus (WCV) An unassigned virus in the family Caliciviridae, isolated from the feces of the walrus, Odobenus rosmarus, collected off sea ice in the Chukchi Sea. Smith AW and Boyt PM (1990) J Zoo Wildl Med 21, 3 Smith AW et al (1983) J Wildl Dis 19, 86 Wanowrie virus (WANV) An unassigned virus in the family Bunyaviridae. Isolated from the tick, Hyalomma marginatum isaaci, and the mosquito, Culex fatigans, in India, Sri Lanka and Egypt. Has been isolated from the brain of a patient...

Subacute myeloopticoneuropathy virus

(SMON) A herpesvirus isolated from the feces and CSF of patients with subacute myelo-optico-neuropathy. Seen mainly in Japan, the disease is characterized by sensory disturbance, especially of the lower part of the legs, abdominal symptoms, decreased muscle strength and bilateral impairment of visual acuity. There are no changes in the blood or CSF. There is degeneration of posterior and lateral tracts of the spinal cord. The virus was isolated in BAT-6 cells and causes a thinning of the cell...

Gibbon ape type C oncovirus See Gibbon ape leukemia virus

Girardi heart cells (CCL 27) A heteroploid cell line established from the right atrial appendage of a 41-year-old human male in 1956. The cells grew as fibroblasts at first, but after about 18 weeks they became epithelial-like. Girard Point virus An isolate of Hantaan virus. glandular fever virus Synonym for Human herpesvirus 4. gliotoxin A common fungal metabolite which inhibits viral RNA-dependent RNA synthesis without effect on DNA-depend-ent RNA synthesis. Prevents human poliovirus...

Herpes gladiatorum herpes rugbeiorum

Herpes simiae virus Synonym for her-pesvirus B. herpes simplex viruses 1 and 2 There are two antigenic types herpes simplex type 1 is a synonym for Human herpesvirus 1 herpes simplex type 2 is a synonym for Human herpesvirus 2. herpes simplex virus group Synonym for the genus Simplexvirus. herpes venatorum Synonym for scrum-pox. Herpesviridae A diverse family of DNA viruses with characteristic morphology. Classification is based formally on genetic content. The virion is 100-200nm in diameter....

Orf subgroup viruses Synonym for parapoxvirus

Orf virus (ORFV) The type species of the genus Parapoxvirus. Virions are ovoid, 252 x 158nm, with a characteristic surface structure that appears in the electron microscope as a spiral coil or 'ball of yarn'. DNA genome 130-150kb, G+C is 64 . Virus is inactivated by chloroform, but ether may not inactivate. Causes disease predominantly in lambs and kids. There are vesicles on the lips and nose, progressing to pustules, ulcers and warty scabs. Malignant aphtha is a severe form of the disease...

Contagious pustular stomatitis of sheep virus Synonym for Orf virus

Contagium vivum fluidum A name for the cause of tobacco mosaic disease, coined by Beijerinck in 1897 for the 'living infectious agent' which we now call Tobacco mosaic virus. Although work by Ivanowski in 1892 had also shown that tobacco mosaic disease was transmissible by filtered sap, he had interpreted this to mean that a bacterial toxin was the causative agent. Beijerinck, working in Delft, was unaware of Ivanowski's earlier work in St. Petersburg. Both can be given credit as founders of...

Human endogenous retroviruses HERV

Endogenous retroviruses can be detected in the human genome by a variety of procedures such as hybridization or gene sequencing. They have a general structure similar to other retroviruses including long terminal repeat (LTR) regions and sequences homologous to the gag, pol and env genes of infectious retro-viruses. They can be classified on the identity of the tRNA homologous to the putative minus-strand primer binding site (18bp) located immediately downstream of the 5' LTR. On this basis,...

Painted turtle herpesvirus Synonym for chelonid herpesvirus

Pale bird syndrome A disease affecting poultry throughout the world. Caused by avian reovirus infections occurring during the first week of age. See Avian orthoreovirus. Montgomery RD et al (1986) Avian Dis 30, 460 Palestina virus (PLSV) A serotype of Minatitlan virus in the genus Bunyavirus. With Minatitlan virus forms the Minatitlan virus group. Isolated from Culex (Mel) paracrybda in Ecuador. Palyam virus (PALV) A species in the genus Orbivirus, belonging to the Palyam serogroup. Isolated...